Composite large margin classifiers with latent subclasses for heterogeneous biomedical data

Guanhua Chen, Yufeng Liu, Dinggang Shen, Michael R. Kosorok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High-dimensional classification problems are prevalent in a wide range of modern scientific applications. Despite a large number of candidate classification techniques available to use, practitioners often face a dilemma of choosing between linear and general nonlinear classifiers. Specifically, simple linear classifiers have good interpretability, but may have limitations in handling data with complex structures. In contrast, general nonlinear classifiers are more flexible, but may lose interpretability and have higher tendency for overfitting. In this paper, we consider data with potential latent subgroups in the classes of interest. We propose a new method, namely the composite large margin (CLM) classifier, to address the issue of classification with latent subclasses. The CLM aims to find three linear functions simultaneously: one linear function to split the data into two parts, with each part being classified by a different linear classifier. Our method has comparable prediction accuracy to a general nonlinear classifier, and it maintains the interpretability of traditional linear classifiers. We demonstrate the competitive performance of the CLM through comparisons with several existing linear and nonlinear classifiers by Monte Carlo experiments. Analysis of the Alzheimer's disease classification problem using CLM not only provides a lower classification error in discriminating cases and controls, but also identifies subclasses in controls that are more likely to develop the disease in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-88
Number of pages14
JournalStatistical Analysis and Data Mining
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Classification
  • Large margin
  • Latent subclasses
  • Principal component analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Analysis

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