Composition and major sources of organic compounds of aerosol particulate matter sampled during the ACE-Asia campaign

Bernd R T Simoneit, Minoru Kobayashi, Michihiro Mochida, Kimitaka Kawamura, Meehye Lee, Ho Jin Lim, Barbara J. Turpin, Yuichi Komazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The organic compound tracers of atmospheric particulate matter, as well as organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC), have been characterized for samples acquired during the Asian Pacific Regional Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-Asia) from Gosan, Jeju Island, Korea, from Sapporo, Japan, and from Chichi-jima Island in the western North Pacific, as well as on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration R/V Ronald H. Brown. Total extracts were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to determine both polar and aliphatic compounds. Total particles, organic matter, and lipid and saccharide compounds were high during the Asian dust episode (early April 2001) compared to levels at other times. The organic matter can be apportioned to seven emission sources and to significant oxidation-producing secondary products during long-range transport. Terrestrial natural background compounds are vascular plant wax lipids derived from direct emission and as part of desert sand dust. Fossil fuel utilization is obvious and derives from petroleum product and coal combustion emissions. Saccharides are a major polar (water-soluble) carbonaceous fraction derived from soil resuspension (agricultural activities). Biomass-burning smoke is evident in all samples and seasons. It contributes up to 13% of the total compound mass as water-soluble constituents. Burning of refuse is another source of organic particles. Varying levels of marine-derived lipids are superimposed during aerosol transport over the ocean. Secondary oxidation products increase with increasing transport distance and time. The ACE-Asia aerosols are composed not only of desert dust but also of soil dust, smoke from biomass and refuse burning, and emissions from fossil fuel use in urban areas.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
Volume109
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 16

Fingerprint

Particulate Matter
Aerosols
organic compounds
Organic compounds
particulates
Dust
particulate matter
organic compound
aerosols
dust
aerosol
lipids
biomass burning
fossil fuels
lipid
deserts
smoke
carbohydrates
refuse
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Carboxylic acids
  • Glucose
  • Levoglucosan
  • N-alkanes
  • OC/EC
  • Organic aerosols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Composition and major sources of organic compounds of aerosol particulate matter sampled during the ACE-Asia campaign. / Simoneit, Bernd R T; Kobayashi, Minoru; Mochida, Michihiro; Kawamura, Kimitaka; Lee, Meehye; Lim, Ho Jin; Turpin, Barbara J.; Komazaki, Yuichi.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, Vol. 109, No. 19, 16.10.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Simoneit, Bernd R T ; Kobayashi, Minoru ; Mochida, Michihiro ; Kawamura, Kimitaka ; Lee, Meehye ; Lim, Ho Jin ; Turpin, Barbara J. ; Komazaki, Yuichi. / Composition and major sources of organic compounds of aerosol particulate matter sampled during the ACE-Asia campaign. In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 2004 ; Vol. 109, No. 19.
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