Concentration of arginine and optimal time of hypertonic saline in restoration of T-cell dysfunction

Sung Woo Moon, Sung Hyuk Choi, Han Jin Cho, Young Hoon Yun, Jung Yoen Kim, Yun Sik Hong, Todd Costantini, Vishal Bansal

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: Hypertonic saline (HS) restores prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-induced T-cell suppression in the presence of 1100 μM arginine. However, under arginine-free culture conditions, HS dose not restore T-cell proliferation. Therefore, we wanted to determine if HS can restore PGE2-induced T-cell suppression in the presence of 80 μM of arginine, the physiologically relevant arginine concentration. We also wanted to determine the concentration of arginine that induces HS restoration of PGE 2-suppressed T-cell proliferation and whether HS restoration of T-cell dysfunction is dependent on the injection time of HS. Materials and Methods: Jurkat cells were cultured in media containing 0, 40, 80, 400, 800, or 1100 μM arginine. In both the PGE2-stimulated and HS-treated group, we measured cell proliferation using MTT assay and arginase activity. We also measured cell proliferation relative to HS injection time. Results: In 80 μM arginine, HS did not restore Jurkat cell proliferation that had been suppressed by PGE2. Increased concentrations of arginine in the media increased MTT cell proliferation. In 800 μM arginine media, HS restored PGE2-suppressed Jurkat cell proliferation to normal. HS restored PGE2-suppressed Jurkat cell proliferation when it was added at 2 h, similar to at same time and 1 h after PGE2 stimulation. Conclusions: In order to restore PGE2-suppressed Jurkat cell proliferation, HS requires at least 800 μM arginine. HS restored PGE2-suppressed Jurkat cell proliferation even though HS was added at 2 h after PGE2 stimulation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)e17-e22
    JournalJournal of Surgical Research
    Volume163
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep

    Keywords

    • T-cells
    • arginine
    • hypertonic saline
    • time
    • trauma

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery

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