Configurations of unemployment, reemployment, and psychological well-being: A longitudinal study of unemployed individuals in Portugal

Joaquim A. Ferreira, Matthias Reitzle, Bora Lee, Raquel A. Freitas, Eduardo R. Santos, Luís Alcoforado, Fred W. Vondracek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined how four different configurations of unemployment and reemployment (defined by history of past unemployment and unemployment/reemployment 3 years later) related to changes in psychological well-being. The longitudinal sample consisted of 566 Portuguese men and women who were unemployed at the beginning of the study. Using true change score models, we found that individuals who reported a long period of unemployment at T1 but were reemployed at T2 showed meaningful gains in positive affect and life satisfaction compared to those who had a shorter history of unemployment and were reemployed. An examination of gender differences revealed that the women who were reemployed after a long history of unemployment showed the greatest relative gains in positive affect. We conclude by noting limitations of this research and suggesting future research to address these limitations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-64
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1



  • Life-satisfaction
  • Positive and negative affect
  • Reemployment
  • Unemployment configurations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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