Construction of KAGRA: An underground gravitational-wave observatory

T. Akutsu, M. Ando, S. Araki, A. Araya, T. Arima, N. Aritomi, H. Asada, Y. Aso, S. Atsuta, K. Awai, L. Baiotti, M. A. Barton, D. Chen, K. Cho, K. Craig, R. DeSalvo, K. Doi, K. Eda, Y. Enomoto, R. FlaminioS. Fujibayashi, Y. Fujii, M. K. Fujimoto, M. Fukushima, T. Furuhata, A. Hagiwara, S. Haino, S. Harita, K. Hasegawa, M. Hasegawa, K. Hashino, K. Hayama, N. Hirata, E. Hirose, B. Ikenoue, Y. Inoue, K. Ioka, H. Ishizaki, Y. Itoh, D. Jia, T. Kagawa, T. Kaji, T. Kajita, M. Kakizaki, H. Kakuhata, M. Kamiizumi, S. Kanbara, N. Kanda, S. Kanemura, M. Kaneyama, J. Kasuya, Y. Kataoka, K. Kawaguchi, N. Kawai, S. Kawamura, F. Kawazoe, C. Kim, J. Kim, J. C. Kim, W. Kim, N. Kimura, Y. Kitaoka, K. Kobayashi, Y. Kojima, K. Kokeyama, K. Komori, K. Kotake, K. Kubo, R. Kumar, T. Kume, K. Kuroda, Y. Kuwahara, H. K. Lee, H. W. Lee, C. Y. Lin, Y. Liu, E. Majorana, S. Mano, M. Marchio, T. Matsui, N. Matsumoto, F. Matsushima, Y. Michimura, N. Mio, O. Miyakawa, K. Miyake, A. Miyamoto, T. Miyamoto, K. Miyo, S. Miyoki, W. Morii, S. Morisaki, Y. Moriwaki, Y. Muraki, M. Murakoshi, M. Musha, K. Nagano, S. Nagano, K. Nakamura, T. Nakamura, H. Nakano, M. Nakano, M. Nakano, H. Nakao, K. Nakao, T. Narikawa, W. T. Ni, T. Nonomura, Y. Obuchi, J. J. Oh, S. H. Oh, M. Ohashi, N. Ohishi, M. Ohkawa, N. Ohmae, K. Okino, K. Okutomi, K. Ono, Y. Ono, K. Oohara, S. Ota, J. Park, F. E. Peña Arellano, I. M. Pinto, M. Principe, N. Sago, M. Saijo, T. Saito, Y. Saito, S. Saitou, K. Sakai, Y. Sakakibara, Y. Sasaki, S. Sato, T. Sato, Y. Sato, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Sekiguchi, M. Shibata, K. Shiga, Y. Shikano, T. Shimoda, H. Shinkai, A. Shoda, N. Someya, K. Somiya, E. J. Son, T. Starecki, A. Suemasa, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Susa, H. Suwabe, T. Suzuki, Y. Tachibana, H. Tagoshi, S. Takada, H. Takahashi, R. Takahashi, A. Takamori, H. Takeda, H. Tanaka, K. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, D. Tatsumi, S. Telada, T. Tomaru, K. Tsubono, S. Tsuchida, L. Tsukada, T. Tsuzuki, N. Uchikata, T. Uchiyama, T. Uehara, S. Ueki, K. Ueno, F. Uraguchi, T. Ushiba, M. H.P.M. Van Putten, S. Wada, T. Wakamatsu, T. Yaginuma, K. Yamamoto, S. Yamamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Yano, J. Yokoyama, T. Yokozawa, T. H. Yoon, H. Yuzurihara, S. Zeidler, Y. Zhao, L. Zheng, K. Agatsuma, Y. Akiyama, N. Arai, M. Asano, A. Bertolini, M. Fujisawa, R. Goetz, J. Guscott, Y. Hashimoto, Y. Hayashida, E. Hennes, K. Hirai, T. Hirayama, H. Ishitsuka, J. Kato, A. Khalaidovski, S. Koike, A. Kumeta, T. Miener, M. Morioka, C. L. Mueller, T. Narita, Y. Oda, T. Ogawa, T. Sekiguchi, H. Tamura, D. B. Tanner, C. Tokoku, M. Toritani, T. Utsuki, M. Uyeshima, J. F.J. Van Den Brand, J. V. Van Heijningen, S. Yamaguchi, A. Yanagida

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Abstract

The major construction and initial-phase operation of a second-generation gravitational-wave detector, KAGRA, has been completed. The entire 3 km detector is installed underground in a mine in order to be isolated from background seismic vibrations on the surface. This allows us to achieve a good sensitivity at low frequencies and high stability of the detector. Bare-bones equipment for the interferometer operation has been installed and the first test run was accomplished in March and April of 2016 with a rather simple configuration. The initial configuration of KAGRA is called iKAGRA. In this paper, we summarize the construction of KAGRA, including a study of the advantages and challenges of building an underground detector, and the operation of the iKAGRA interferometer together with the geophysics interferometer that has been constructed in the same tunnel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013F01
JournalProgress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics
Volume2018
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Akutsu, T., Ando, M., Araki, S., Araya, A., Arima, T., Aritomi, N., Asada, H., Aso, Y., Atsuta, S., Awai, K., Baiotti, L., Barton, M. A., Chen, D., Cho, K., Craig, K., DeSalvo, R., Doi, K., Eda, K., Enomoto, Y., ... Yanagida, A. (2018). Construction of KAGRA: An underground gravitational-wave observatory. Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 2018(1), [013F01]. https://doi.org/10.1093/ptep/ptx180