Consumers’ lack of understanding of customized cosmetics made on the spot and implications for regulations and controls

H. W. Kim, Y. S. Seok, H. G. Lee, M. K. Song, M. S. Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Customized cosmetics immediately made on the spot are now in the market. The present study surveyed 1084 consumers to obtain general insights into their perceptions and perspectives on this novel type of cosmetic. Over half of the total respondents (57.2%) answered they were likely to purchase customized cosmetics; however, a large proportion of consumers also thought microbiological (59.2%)/chemical safety (69.4%) of cosmetics were not good. This reflects consumer anxiety regarding safety issues concerning the customized cosmetics. Even customized cosmetics are regulated by the cosmetic act in each country (i.e., the Cosmetic Act in the Republic of Korea, the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act in the USA, and EC Cosmetic Regulation 1123/2009 in Europe), there have been no specific regulations for customized cosmetics made on the spot worldwide so far. To dispel consumer concerns and establish a principled market for the new cosmetics in the field, proper management plans should be established based on consumer surveys. This study indicated that consumers thought it was important to manage the facility/equipment and safety of raw materials (19.7%, each). We believe this study provides a valuable resource for understanding consumers’ perceptions and requirements on customized cosmetics, which contributes to establishing future regulations and guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104979
JournalRegulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug


  • Consumer survey
  • Customized cosmetics
  • On the spot
  • Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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