Continuous catalytic hydrodechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in transformer oil

Bambang Veriansyah, Hye Min Choi, Youn Woo Lee, Jeong Won Kang, Jae Duck Kim, Jaehoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Continuous catalytic hydrodechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the presence of transformer oils was carried out in a fixed bed reactor using a 57.6 wt% Ni on silicon oxide-aluminum oxide (SiO 2-Al 2O 3) catalyst. Reaction temperatures ranging 150-300°C, PCBs concentrations ranging 50-200 ppm, and reaction times ranging 1-8 h were tested. At a higher reaction temperature or at a lower PCBs concentration, catalytic activity was higher and complete dechlorination of PCBs resulted even at long reaction time. Catalyst regeneration using hexane and 0.1 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH) was effective to restore the catalytic activity. Fresh, spent and regenerated catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. XRD analysis revealed growth of Ni crystallite size of the spent and the regenerated catalysts. XPS analysis showed that a considerable amount of chlorine and carbon species were deposited on the surface of the spent catalyst, which may play a role in the catalysts deactivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1538-1544
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Volume44
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Continuous hydrodechlorination
  • PCBs
  • Transformer oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering

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