Study design: Experimental study. Objectives: This study evaluated distraction-induced delayed spinal cord injury in a porcine model. Setting: Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Methods: Global osteotomy of three columns was performed on the thirteenth thoracic vertebrae with 13 pigs. The osteotomized vertebrae were distracted to 57-103% of segmental vertebral height (SVH) length, which was less than the distraction length that induces prompt SCI. The vertebral height was maintained until the loss of motor-evoked potential (MEP) signals with continuous distraction. The distraction distance and the time at which SCI occurred were measured, and distraction was then released to observe MEP recovery patterns. Results: We found delayed SCI in 8 of the 12 pigs, with a mean 20.9 mm (range 19-25 mm) and 10.7 min (range 8-12 min) of continuous spinal distraction, which was equivalent to 74.3% (68-84%) of SVH and 3.63% (3.42-4.31%) of thoracolumbar spinal length. A continuous 74.3% SVH distraction over an average of 10.7 min caused a delayed SCI, which was indicated by mild histologic changes in the spinal cord. Recovery patterns from SCI after distraction release were compatible with the degree of histological change; however, these patterns differed from the previously investigated prompt type of SCI. Conclusion: Late onset injury due to continuous spinal distraction, which is comparable to iatrogenic SCI in spinal correction surgery, is important for understanding the impact of corrective surgery.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Sept 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology