For indirect contrast enhancement, researchers have proposed various transformation functions based on histogram equalization and gamma correction. However, these transformation functions tend to result in over-enhancement artifacts such as noise amplification, mean brightness change, and detail loss. To overcome the limitations of conventional transformation functions, this paper introduces a novel sigmoid function based on the contrast sensitivity of human brightness perception. In the proposed method, the contrast sensitivity of the human retina is modeled as an exponential function of the log-intensity, and a transformation function is derived using the sensitivity model as the exponent of Steven's power law. We also present a parameter optimization method that maintains the mean brightness of the input image and stretches the image histogram while minimizing information loss. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method has low computational complexity and outperforms the state-of-The-Art methods in terms of contrast enhancement performance, mean brightness preservation, and detail preservation.
- Contrast enhancement
- Steven's power law
- sensitivity model-based sigmoid function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering