Control of a toxic cyanobacterial bloom species, Microcystis aeruginosa, using the peptide HPA3NT3-A2

Sang Il Han, Sok Kim, Ki Young Choi, Changsu Lee, Yoonkyung Park, Yoon E. Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Microcystis aeruginosa, a species of freshwater cyanobacteria, is known to be one of the dominant species causing cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (CyanoHABs). M. aeruginosa blooms have the potential to produce neurotoxins and peptide hepatotoxins, such as microcystins and lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). Currently, technologies for CyanoHAB control do not provide any ultimate solution because of the secondary pollution associated with the control measures. In this study, we attempted to use the peptide HPA3NT3-A2, which has been reported to be nontoxic and has antimicrobial properties, for the development of an eco-friendly control against CyanoHABs. HPA3NT3-A2 displayed significant algicidal effects against M. aeruginosa cells. HPA3NT3-A2 induced cell aggregation and flotation (thereby facilitating harvest), inhibited cell growth through sedimentation, and eventually destroyed the cells. HPA3NT3-A2 had no algicidal effect on other microalgal species such as Haematococcus pluvialis and Chlorella vulgaris. Additionally, HPA3NT3-A2 was not toxic to Daphnia magna. The algicidal mechanism of HPA3NT3-A2 was intracellular penetration. The results of this study suggest the novel possibility of controlling CyanoHABs using HPA3NT3-A2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32255-32265
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume26
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Algicidal peptide
  • Algicide
  • Cyanobacterial blooms
  • Eco-friendly mitigation
  • HABs
  • HPA3NT3-A2
  • Microcystis aeruginosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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