Control of Structural and Electrical Properties of Indium Tin Oxide (ITO)/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Interface for Transparent Back-Contact Applications

Yu Seung Son, Hyeonggeun Yu, Jong Keuk Park, Won Mok Kim, Seung Yeop Ahn, Wonjun Choi, Donghwan Kim, Jeung Hyun Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Development of transparent-conducting oxide (TCO) back contact for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) absorber is crucial for bifacial CIGS photovoltaics. However, inherent GaOx formation at the TCO/CIGS interface has hampered the photocarrier extraction. Here, by controlling the Na doping scheme, we show that the hole transporting properties at the indium-tin oxide (ITO)/CIGS back contact can be substantially improved, regardless of the GaOx formation. Na incorporation from the glass substrate during the GaOx forming phase created defective states at the interface, which allowed efficient hole extraction from CIGS, while post Na treatment after GaOx formation did not play such a role. Furthermore, we discovered that an almost GaOx-free interface could be made by reducing the underlying ITO film thickness, which revealed that ITO/CIGS junction is inherently Schottky. In the GaOx-free condition, post-Na treatment could eliminate the Schottky barrier and create ohmic junction due to generation of conducting paths at the interface, which is supported by our photoluminescence analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1635-1644
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 24


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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