Correlations between histopathologic and dermoscopic findings in Korean actinic keratosis

Dong Won Lee, Dae Yeon Kim, Ji Hyuck Hong, Soo-Hong Seo, Young Chul Kye, Hyo Hyun Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Skin biopsy for AK diagnosis is usually performed on only a limited part of the whole lesion. Therefore, a clinical diagnosis is important. According to a study, there is no significant correlation between histopathological and clinical classification system. We examined the correlation between microscopic information and dermoscopic findings to deduce if dermoscopic information reflects histopathologic grade severity. Forty seven patients with histologically confirmed AK were enrolled and positive ratio of red pseudonetwork, rosette, red background and targetoid signs, white-to-yellow scale, white structureless area, and pigmentation from dermoscopic findings were investigated. Furthermore, viable epidermal thickness, vessel lumen dimensions, existence and thickness of ortho- and parakeratosis, degree of sola elastosis, flag sign existence, and Roewert-Huber classification were measured as histologic findings. Red background did not show a significant correlation with vascular dimension or viable epidermal thickness. When targetoid sign was present, vascular dimension was significantly larger but showed no correlation with viable epidermal thickness, parakeratosis or orthokeratosis. Solar elastosis level was significantly higher when white-to-yellow scale was present. According to Spearman's correlation analysis, ortho/parakeratotic thickness showed correlations with each other. The negative correlation between viable epidermal thickness and vascular dimension was also shown. Roewert-Huber histologic AK classification showed no correlation with any factors we checked. Factors considered to be characteristic features of AK in dermoscopy seemed unassociated with histologic AK classification and additional research is needed to determine degree of dysplasia of AK lesions using dermoscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalMicroscopy Research and Technique
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • actinic keratosis
  • dermoscopy
  • histopathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Instrumentation
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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