CO2 absorption enhancement by nanoabsorbents in Taylor-Couette absorber

Israel Torres Pineda, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CO2 gas is physically absorbed in liquid methanol in bubbly Taylor-Couette absorber. The experiments are performed in the turbulent regime with rotational Reynolds numbers ranging from 1.9 × 104 to 19.2 × 104. The volumetric mass transfer coefficients are obtained for the counter-current operation. Methanol is utilized as the base absorbent. In addition, with the purpose of enhancing CO2 absorption performance, Al2O3 nanoparticles are combined with methanol to produce the absorbent. The results show an increase in the volumetric mass transfer coefficient that reaches a maximum value at 4 × 104 rotational Reynolds number for both pure methanol and the nanoabsorbents, after which the absorption rate declines almost linearly with the rotational speed. The reasons for the reduction in the absorption performance are discussed. The maximum enhancement in the volumetric mass transfer coefficient is estimated at 20% for 4 × 104 rotational Reynolds number and up to 27% for methanol and Al2O3 nanoparticles at a concentration of 0.1 vol%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume100
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Methanol
absorbers
methyl alcohol
augmentation
mass transfer
Reynolds number
Mass transfer
absorbents
coefficients
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
counters
Gases
Liquids
liquids
gases
Experiments

Keywords

  • AlO nanoparticles
  • CO absorption
  • Mass transfer coefficient
  • Methanol
  • Nanoabsorbents
  • Taylor-Couette flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

CO2 absorption enhancement by nanoabsorbents in Taylor-Couette absorber. / Torres Pineda, Israel; Kang, Yong Tae.

In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 100, 01.09.2016, p. 39-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "CO2 gas is physically absorbed in liquid methanol in bubbly Taylor-Couette absorber. The experiments are performed in the turbulent regime with rotational Reynolds numbers ranging from 1.9 × 104 to 19.2 × 104. The volumetric mass transfer coefficients are obtained for the counter-current operation. Methanol is utilized as the base absorbent. In addition, with the purpose of enhancing CO2 absorption performance, Al2O3 nanoparticles are combined with methanol to produce the absorbent. The results show an increase in the volumetric mass transfer coefficient that reaches a maximum value at 4 × 104 rotational Reynolds number for both pure methanol and the nanoabsorbents, after which the absorption rate declines almost linearly with the rotational speed. The reasons for the reduction in the absorption performance are discussed. The maximum enhancement in the volumetric mass transfer coefficient is estimated at 20{\%} for 4 × 104 rotational Reynolds number and up to 27{\%} for methanol and Al2O3 nanoparticles at a concentration of 0.1 vol{\%}.",
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N2 - CO2 gas is physically absorbed in liquid methanol in bubbly Taylor-Couette absorber. The experiments are performed in the turbulent regime with rotational Reynolds numbers ranging from 1.9 × 104 to 19.2 × 104. The volumetric mass transfer coefficients are obtained for the counter-current operation. Methanol is utilized as the base absorbent. In addition, with the purpose of enhancing CO2 absorption performance, Al2O3 nanoparticles are combined with methanol to produce the absorbent. The results show an increase in the volumetric mass transfer coefficient that reaches a maximum value at 4 × 104 rotational Reynolds number for both pure methanol and the nanoabsorbents, after which the absorption rate declines almost linearly with the rotational speed. The reasons for the reduction in the absorption performance are discussed. The maximum enhancement in the volumetric mass transfer coefficient is estimated at 20% for 4 × 104 rotational Reynolds number and up to 27% for methanol and Al2O3 nanoparticles at a concentration of 0.1 vol%.

AB - CO2 gas is physically absorbed in liquid methanol in bubbly Taylor-Couette absorber. The experiments are performed in the turbulent regime with rotational Reynolds numbers ranging from 1.9 × 104 to 19.2 × 104. The volumetric mass transfer coefficients are obtained for the counter-current operation. Methanol is utilized as the base absorbent. In addition, with the purpose of enhancing CO2 absorption performance, Al2O3 nanoparticles are combined with methanol to produce the absorbent. The results show an increase in the volumetric mass transfer coefficient that reaches a maximum value at 4 × 104 rotational Reynolds number for both pure methanol and the nanoabsorbents, after which the absorption rate declines almost linearly with the rotational speed. The reasons for the reduction in the absorption performance are discussed. The maximum enhancement in the volumetric mass transfer coefficient is estimated at 20% for 4 × 104 rotational Reynolds number and up to 27% for methanol and Al2O3 nanoparticles at a concentration of 0.1 vol%.

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KW - CO absorption

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