CO2 capture-driven thermal battery using functionalized solvents for plus energy building application

Seonggon Kim, Jae Won Lee, Hyung Won Choi, Geun Jeong Lee, Ronghuan Xu, Seok Ho Yoon, Zhenyuan Xu, Ruzhu Wang, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Renewable energy has the drawback of intermittent power generation, and it should be linked to an energy storage system. However, the efficiency and density of the conventional thermal energy storage technologies are low. Herein, for building applications, CO2 capture-driven thermal battery has been developed using solvents composed of amine-functionalized mesoporous silica (3-APTES-SBA-15) and an amine absorbent (MEA). The thermal energy is discharged through the exothermic reaction of amine-CO. When the renewable energy is supplied to the battery, amine-CO2 bonds are broken, which corresponds to charging process. 3-APTES-SBA-15/MEA presents a superior energy storage density of 2.187 kJ/g and an efficiency of 91.5%. It is sufficient for producing heating/hot water considering the discharging temperature, and there is no loss even if stored for a long time. The thermal battery system presents a coefficient of performance of 0.66 and a thermal energy storage density of 0.57 kJ/g. When the thermal battery is combined with solar thermal energy harvesting system, the thermal and electric energy consumptions are reduced by 22.0% (477.9 MJ/m2) and 19.6% (156.9 MJ/m2), respectively. The CO2 capture-driven thermal battery will contribute to manage renewable energy and reduce grid energy consumption for building applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115606
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume260
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 15

Keywords

  • CO capture
  • Functionalized solvents
  • Plus energy management
  • Solar energy harvesting
  • Thermal battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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