CO2-looping in pyrolysis of horse manure using CaCO3

Kwang Hwa Jeong, Dong Ho Choi, Dong Jun Lee, Jung Kon Kim, Hana Kim, Yong Sik Ok, Eilhann E. Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study laid a great emphasis on the mechanistic understanding of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure to establish a virtuous cycle for carbon in the thermo-chemical process. To this end, CaCO3 was used as a possible candidate for the CO2 resource to impart synergistic environmental benefits. This study also proved the genuine roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure. CO2 could be a driving force to shift carbon distribution from pyrolytic oil to pyrolytic gas (i.e., the enhanced generation of CO), which provides a new means for modifying the composition of syngas as well as pyrolytic oil. Shifting carbon distribution from pyrolytic oil to pyrolytic gas could be explained through two genuine roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure. For instance, CO2 led to the enhanced thermal cracking of volatile matters evolved from the thermal degradation and the direct reaction between CO2 and volatile matters to form CO, which lead to the enhanced generation of syngas and the reduction of tar formation. These identified genuine roles of CO2 were initiated temperatures higher than 500 °C, when temperature could be decreased down to 450 °C in the presence of CaCO3 due to the catalytic effects arising from CaCO3. Thus, all experimental findings will be directly applicable to gasification since pyrolysis is an intermediate step in the gasification process. Moreover, the high content of CaO in biochar can be reused in the diverse environmental applications. However, the optimal conditions, especially for optimal CaCO3 loading, should be established through further study on the subject.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-624
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 20

Fingerprint

Manures
horse
pyrolysis
manure
Pyrolysis
oil
carbon
Gasification
Carbon
tar
chemical process
gas
Tar
Gases
degradation
Manure
Co2
resource
Temperature
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Biochar
  • CO
  • CO-Looping
  • Energy recovery
  • Horse manure
  • Pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Jeong, K. H., Choi, D. H., Lee, D. J., Kim, J. K., Kim, H., Ok, Y. S., & Kwon, E. E. (2018). CO2-looping in pyrolysis of horse manure using CaCO3 Journal of Cleaner Production, 174, 616-624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.022

CO2-looping in pyrolysis of horse manure using CaCO3 . / Jeong, Kwang Hwa; Choi, Dong Ho; Lee, Dong Jun; Kim, Jung Kon; Kim, Hana; Ok, Yong Sik; Kwon, Eilhann E.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 174, 20.01.2018, p. 616-624.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jeong, KH, Choi, DH, Lee, DJ, Kim, JK, Kim, H, Ok, YS & Kwon, EE 2018, 'CO2-looping in pyrolysis of horse manure using CaCO3 ', Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 174, pp. 616-624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.022
Jeong, Kwang Hwa ; Choi, Dong Ho ; Lee, Dong Jun ; Kim, Jung Kon ; Kim, Hana ; Ok, Yong Sik ; Kwon, Eilhann E. / CO2-looping in pyrolysis of horse manure using CaCO3 In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2018 ; Vol. 174. pp. 616-624.
@article{a893ee8d1c69414ebf127ce64f64e477,
title = "CO2-looping in pyrolysis of horse manure using CaCO3",
abstract = "This study laid a great emphasis on the mechanistic understanding of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure to establish a virtuous cycle for carbon in the thermo-chemical process. To this end, CaCO3 was used as a possible candidate for the CO2 resource to impart synergistic environmental benefits. This study also proved the genuine roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure. CO2 could be a driving force to shift carbon distribution from pyrolytic oil to pyrolytic gas (i.e., the enhanced generation of CO), which provides a new means for modifying the composition of syngas as well as pyrolytic oil. Shifting carbon distribution from pyrolytic oil to pyrolytic gas could be explained through two genuine roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure. For instance, CO2 led to the enhanced thermal cracking of volatile matters evolved from the thermal degradation and the direct reaction between CO2 and volatile matters to form CO, which lead to the enhanced generation of syngas and the reduction of tar formation. These identified genuine roles of CO2 were initiated temperatures higher than 500 °C, when temperature could be decreased down to 450 °C in the presence of CaCO3 due to the catalytic effects arising from CaCO3. Thus, all experimental findings will be directly applicable to gasification since pyrolysis is an intermediate step in the gasification process. Moreover, the high content of CaO in biochar can be reused in the diverse environmental applications. However, the optimal conditions, especially for optimal CaCO3 loading, should be established through further study on the subject.",
keywords = "Biochar, CO, CO-Looping, Energy recovery, Horse manure, Pyrolysis",
author = "Jeong, {Kwang Hwa} and Choi, {Dong Ho} and Lee, {Dong Jun} and Kim, {Jung Kon} and Hana Kim and Ok, {Yong Sik} and Kwon, {Eilhann E.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.022",
language = "English",
volume = "174",
pages = "616--624",
journal = "Journal of Cleaner Production",
issn = "0959-6526",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - CO2-looping in pyrolysis of horse manure using CaCO3

AU - Jeong, Kwang Hwa

AU - Choi, Dong Ho

AU - Lee, Dong Jun

AU - Kim, Jung Kon

AU - Kim, Hana

AU - Ok, Yong Sik

AU - Kwon, Eilhann E.

PY - 2018/1/20

Y1 - 2018/1/20

N2 - This study laid a great emphasis on the mechanistic understanding of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure to establish a virtuous cycle for carbon in the thermo-chemical process. To this end, CaCO3 was used as a possible candidate for the CO2 resource to impart synergistic environmental benefits. This study also proved the genuine roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure. CO2 could be a driving force to shift carbon distribution from pyrolytic oil to pyrolytic gas (i.e., the enhanced generation of CO), which provides a new means for modifying the composition of syngas as well as pyrolytic oil. Shifting carbon distribution from pyrolytic oil to pyrolytic gas could be explained through two genuine roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure. For instance, CO2 led to the enhanced thermal cracking of volatile matters evolved from the thermal degradation and the direct reaction between CO2 and volatile matters to form CO, which lead to the enhanced generation of syngas and the reduction of tar formation. These identified genuine roles of CO2 were initiated temperatures higher than 500 °C, when temperature could be decreased down to 450 °C in the presence of CaCO3 due to the catalytic effects arising from CaCO3. Thus, all experimental findings will be directly applicable to gasification since pyrolysis is an intermediate step in the gasification process. Moreover, the high content of CaO in biochar can be reused in the diverse environmental applications. However, the optimal conditions, especially for optimal CaCO3 loading, should be established through further study on the subject.

AB - This study laid a great emphasis on the mechanistic understanding of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure to establish a virtuous cycle for carbon in the thermo-chemical process. To this end, CaCO3 was used as a possible candidate for the CO2 resource to impart synergistic environmental benefits. This study also proved the genuine roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure. CO2 could be a driving force to shift carbon distribution from pyrolytic oil to pyrolytic gas (i.e., the enhanced generation of CO), which provides a new means for modifying the composition of syngas as well as pyrolytic oil. Shifting carbon distribution from pyrolytic oil to pyrolytic gas could be explained through two genuine roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of horse manure. For instance, CO2 led to the enhanced thermal cracking of volatile matters evolved from the thermal degradation and the direct reaction between CO2 and volatile matters to form CO, which lead to the enhanced generation of syngas and the reduction of tar formation. These identified genuine roles of CO2 were initiated temperatures higher than 500 °C, when temperature could be decreased down to 450 °C in the presence of CaCO3 due to the catalytic effects arising from CaCO3. Thus, all experimental findings will be directly applicable to gasification since pyrolysis is an intermediate step in the gasification process. Moreover, the high content of CaO in biochar can be reused in the diverse environmental applications. However, the optimal conditions, especially for optimal CaCO3 loading, should be established through further study on the subject.

KW - Biochar

KW - CO

KW - CO-Looping

KW - Energy recovery

KW - Horse manure

KW - Pyrolysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038854610&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85038854610&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.022

DO - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.022

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85038854610

VL - 174

SP - 616

EP - 624

JO - Journal of Cleaner Production

JF - Journal of Cleaner Production

SN - 0959-6526

ER -