Coupling an EML4-ALK-centric interactome with RNA interference identifies sensitizers to ALK inhibitors

Guolin Zhang, Hannah Scarborough, Jihye Kim, Andrii I. Rozhok, Yian Ann Chen, Xiaohui Zhang, Lanxi Song, Yun Bai, Bin Fang, Richard Z. Liu, John Koomen, Aik Choon Tan, James Degregori, Eric B. Haura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with lung cancers harboring anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene fusions benefit from treatment with ALK inhibitors, but acquired resistance inevitably arises. A better understanding of proximal ALK signaling mechanisms may identify sensitizers to ALK inhibitors that disrupt the balance between prosurvival and proapoptotic effector signals. Using affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry in an ALK fusion lung cancer cell line (H3122), we generated an ALK signaling network and investigated signaling activity using tyrosine phosphoproteomics. We identified a network of 464 proteins composed of subnetworks with differential response to ALK inhibitors. A small hairpin RNA screen targeting 407 proteins in this network revealed 64 and 9 proteins that when knocked down sensitized cells to crizotinib and alectinib, respectively. Among these, knocking down fibroblast growth factor receptor substrate 2 (FRS2) or coiled-coil and C2 domain-containing protein 1A (CC2D1A), both scaffolding proteins, sensitized multiple ALK fusion cell lines to the ALK inhibitors crizotinib and alectinib. Collectively, our data set provides a resource that enhances our understanding of signaling and drug resistance networks consequent to ALK fusions and identifies potential targets to improve the efficacy of ALK inhibitors in patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberrs12
JournalScience Signaling
Volume9
Issue number450
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Zhang, G., Scarborough, H., Kim, J., Rozhok, A. I., Chen, Y. A., Zhang, X., Song, L., Bai, Y., Fang, B., Liu, R. Z., Koomen, J., Tan, A. C., Degregori, J., & Haura, E. B. (2016). Coupling an EML4-ALK-centric interactome with RNA interference identifies sensitizers to ALK inhibitors. Science Signaling, 9(450), [rs12]. https://doi.org/10.1126/scisignal.aaf5011