Coupling between a high-Q photonic crystal cavity and a dielectric waveguide embedded in a photonic crystal slab

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Abstract

A theoretical investigation is made of the coupling between a photonic crystal cavity and a dielectric waveguide embedded in a photonic crystal slab. The quadrupole and the hexapole modes with high-Q factors are excited in the photonic crystal cavity and are coupled to a waveguide mode. The coupling efficiency is computed as a function of the distance between the cavity and the waveguide by using a three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation. A large coupling efficiency of >83 % is obtained. The ability to efficiently couple and waveguide light offers new opportunities for all-optical devices in integrated nanoscale photonic systems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume52
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1

Fingerprint

dielectric waveguides
Q factors
slabs
photonics
cavities
waveguides
crystals
quadrupoles
simulation

Keywords

  • Coupling efficiency
  • Photonic crystal cavity
  • Waveguide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "A theoretical investigation is made of the coupling between a photonic crystal cavity and a dielectric waveguide embedded in a photonic crystal slab. The quadrupole and the hexapole modes with high-Q factors are excited in the photonic crystal cavity and are coupled to a waveguide mode. The coupling efficiency is computed as a function of the distance between the cavity and the waveguide by using a three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation. A large coupling efficiency of >83 {\%} is obtained. The ability to efficiently couple and waveguide light offers new opportunities for all-optical devices in integrated nanoscale photonic systems.",
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AU - Park, Hong Kyu

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N2 - A theoretical investigation is made of the coupling between a photonic crystal cavity and a dielectric waveguide embedded in a photonic crystal slab. The quadrupole and the hexapole modes with high-Q factors are excited in the photonic crystal cavity and are coupled to a waveguide mode. The coupling efficiency is computed as a function of the distance between the cavity and the waveguide by using a three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation. A large coupling efficiency of >83 % is obtained. The ability to efficiently couple and waveguide light offers new opportunities for all-optical devices in integrated nanoscale photonic systems.

AB - A theoretical investigation is made of the coupling between a photonic crystal cavity and a dielectric waveguide embedded in a photonic crystal slab. The quadrupole and the hexapole modes with high-Q factors are excited in the photonic crystal cavity and are coupled to a waveguide mode. The coupling efficiency is computed as a function of the distance between the cavity and the waveguide by using a three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation. A large coupling efficiency of >83 % is obtained. The ability to efficiently couple and waveguide light offers new opportunities for all-optical devices in integrated nanoscale photonic systems.

KW - Coupling efficiency

KW - Photonic crystal cavity

KW - Waveguide

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