Crystal structure and piezoelectric characteristics of various phases near the triple-point composition in PZ-PT-PNN system

Tae Gon Lee, Sun Woo Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Sang Jin Lee, Hyun Gyu Hwang, Youn Woo Hong, Jeong Seog Kim, Keun Hwa Chae, Ji Won Choi, Chong Yun Kang, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Crystal structures and piezoelectric properties of PbZrO3-PbTiO3-Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics near the triple point composition, particularly characteristics of the pseudocubic phase, were investigated. The pseudocubic phase, which formed near the triple point composition, disappeared with increase in the PbZrO3 content. The pseudocubic phase had the Pm3m cubic structure. The tetragonal-pseudocubic morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) structure was developed during the tetragonal-to-cubic phase transformation. However, the rhombohedral phase directly transformed to the cubic phase because the structure of pseudocubic phase was similar to the rhombohedral structure. The specimens with pseudocubic phase and the specimens near pseudocubic phase exhibited nano-sized domains and small coercive electric fields, revealing their low domain wall energies. These specimens exhibited second-order ferroelectric-to-paraelectric phase transition and low Curie temperatures, confirming their low domain wall energies. The enhanced dielectric and piezoelectric properties of these specimens could be attributed to their low domain wall energies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Ceramic material
  • Landau theory
  • Nanodomains
  • Phase diagram
  • Piezoelectricity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Lee, T. G., Kim, S. W., Kim, E. J., Jin Lee, S., Hwang, H. G., Hong, Y. W., Kim, J. S., Chae, K. H., Choi, J. W., Kang, C. Y., & Nahm, S. (Accepted/In press). Crystal structure and piezoelectric characteristics of various phases near the triple-point composition in PZ-PT-PNN system. Journal of the European Ceramic Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.12.063