Crystal structure of (Ba1-xLax) [Mg(1+x)/3Nb(2-x)/3]O3 ceramics

Jong Hoo Paik, Sahn Nahm, Young Sik Kim, Hyun Min Park, Hwack Joo Lee, Jae Dong Byun

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Abstract

The crystal structure of (Ba1-xLax)[Mg(1+x)/3Nb(2-x)/3]O 3 (BLMN) ceramics with 0 ≤ × ≤ 1 was investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). When the La content, x, was above 0.1, the 1:2 ordered hexagonal structure found in Ba(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (BMN) was transformed into the 1:1 ordered cubic structure. The 1:1 ordered cubic structure was maintained up to x = 0.7. When x exceeded 0.7, however, BLMN exhibited a 1:1 ordered monoclinic structure, rather than a 1:1 ordered cubic structure. La(Mg2/3Nb1/3)O3 (LMN) has a 1:1 ordered monoclinic P21/n structure with a = 5.6004 Å, b = 5.6414 Å, c = 7.9346 Å, and β = 89.9819°. The monoclinic LMN has the in-phase and the anti-phase tilt of oxygen octahedra. The anti-parallel shift of A-site cations was also found in LMN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)621-628
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb 1

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High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Cations
Crystal structure
Positive ions
Oxygen
X ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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Crystal structure of (Ba1-xLax) [Mg(1+x)/3Nb(2-x)/3]O3 ceramics. / Paik, Jong Hoo; Nahm, Sahn; Kim, Young Sik; Park, Hyun Min; Lee, Hwack Joo; Byun, Jae Dong.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 38, No. 3, 01.02.2003, p. 621-628.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Paik, Jong Hoo ; Nahm, Sahn ; Kim, Young Sik ; Park, Hyun Min ; Lee, Hwack Joo ; Byun, Jae Dong. / Crystal structure of (Ba1-xLax) [Mg(1+x)/3Nb(2-x)/3]O3 ceramics. In: Journal of Materials Science. 2003 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 621-628.
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abstract = "The crystal structure of (Ba1-xLax)[Mg(1+x)/3Nb(2-x)/3]O 3 (BLMN) ceramics with 0 ≤ × ≤ 1 was investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). When the La content, x, was above 0.1, the 1:2 ordered hexagonal structure found in Ba(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (BMN) was transformed into the 1:1 ordered cubic structure. The 1:1 ordered cubic structure was maintained up to x = 0.7. When x exceeded 0.7, however, BLMN exhibited a 1:1 ordered monoclinic structure, rather than a 1:1 ordered cubic structure. La(Mg2/3Nb1/3)O3 (LMN) has a 1:1 ordered monoclinic P21/n structure with a = 5.6004 {\AA}, b = 5.6414 {\AA}, c = 7.9346 {\AA}, and β = 89.9819°. The monoclinic LMN has the in-phase and the anti-phase tilt of oxygen octahedra. The anti-parallel shift of A-site cations was also found in LMN.",
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