Curcumin differentially regulates endoplasmic reticulum stress through transcriptional corepressor SMILE (small heterodimer partner-interacting leucine zipper protein)-mediated inhibition of CREBH (cAMP responsive element-binding protein H)

Jagannath Misra, Dipanjan Chanda, Don Kyu Kim, Tiangang Li, Seung Hoi Koo, Sung Hoon Back, John Y.L. Chiang, Hueng Sik Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a major active component of turmeric (Curcuma longa), is a natural polyphenolic compound. Herein the effect of curcumin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress responsive gene expression was investigated. We report that curcumin induces transcriptional corepressor small heterodimer partner-interacting leucine zipper protein (SMILE) gene expression through liver kinase B1 (LKB1)/adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway and represses ER stress-responsive gene transcription in an ERbound transcription factor specific manner. cAMP responsive element-binding protein H (CREBH) and activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) are both ER-bound bZIP family transcription factors that are activated upon ER stress. Of interest, we observed that both curcumin treatment and SMILE overexpression only represses CREBH-mediated transactivation of the target gene but not ATF6-mediated transactivation. Knockdown of endogenous SMILE significantly releases the inhibitory effect of curcumin on CREBH transactivation. Intrinsic repressive activity of SMILE is observed in the Gal4 fusion system, and the intrinsic repressive domain is mapped to the C terminus of SMILE spanning amino acid residues 203-269, corresponding to the basic region leucine zipper (bZIP) domain. In vivo interaction assay revealed that through its bZIP domain, SMILE interacts with CREBH and inhibits its transcriptional activity. Interestingly, we observed that SMILE does not interact with ATF6. Furthermore, competition between SMILE and the coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorα (PGC- 1α) on CREBH transactivation has been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo. Finally, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed that curcumin decreases the binding of PGC-1α and CREBH on target gene promoter in a SMILE-dependent manner. Overall, for the first time we suggest a novel phenomenon that the curcumin/LKB1/AMPK/SMILE/PGC1α pathway differentially regulates ER stress-mediated gene transcription.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41973-41984
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Curcumin differentially regulates endoplasmic reticulum stress through transcriptional corepressor SMILE (small heterodimer partner-interacting leucine zipper protein)-mediated inhibition of CREBH (cAMP responsive element-binding protein H)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this