Current and emerging biologics for ulcerative colitis

Sung Chul Park, Yoon Tae Jeen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    58 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Conventional medical treatment for ulcerative colitis can have limited efficacy or severe adverse reactions requiring additional treatment or colectomy. Hence, different biological agents that target specific immunological pathways are being investigated for treating ulcerative colitis. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents were the first biologics to be used for treating inflammatory bowel disease. For example, infliximab and adalimumab, which are anti-TNF agents, are being used for treating ulcerative colitis. Recently, golimumab, another anti-TNF agent, and vedolizumab, an anti-adhesion therapy, have been approved for ulcerative colitis by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. In addition, new medications such as tofacitinib, a Janus kinase inhibitor, and etrolizumab, another anti-adhesion therapy, are emerging as therapeutic agents. Therefore, there is a need for further studies to select appropriate patient groups for these biologics and to improve the outcomes of ulcerative colitis treatment through appropriate medical usage.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)18-27
    Number of pages10
    JournalGut and liver
    Volume9
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

    Keywords

    • Biological therapies
    • Ulcerative colitis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Hepatology
    • Gastroenterology

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