Cutaneous silent period in patients with restless leg syndrome

Jin Kyu Han, Kyungmi Oh, Byung Jo Kim, Seong Beom Koh, Ju Yeon Kim, Kun Woo Park, Dae Hie Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the pathophysiological relationship between RLS and small fiber neuropathy using the cutaneous silent period (CSP), which is a spinal reflex mediated by Aδ cutaneous afferents and is useful for the evaluation of small-diameter nerve function. Methods: The CSP was measured from the extensor digitorum brevis in 157 patients with RLS and 60 healthy controls. The CSP measurement was repeated in the RLS patients after dopamine agonist treatment for one month. The RLS rating scale for clinical severity was used to evaluate each patient before and after treatment. The measured CSP variables were compared between the patient group and the control group. In addition, the possible correlation between the CSP variables and the RLS rating scale score related to treatment was analyzed. Results: The mean CSP latencies did not differ between the RLS patients and the healthy controls; however, the mean CSP duration was significantly longer in the RLS patients than in the controls, and this prolonged CSP duration improved to the level of the control subjects after dopamine agonist treatment (p = 0.003). The mean RLS rating scale score also significantly decreased after medication (p = 0.000). However, the changes in the CSP variables did not correlate with the decrement in the RLS rating scale score. Conclusions: Although our results do not support the role of Aδ fiber dysfunction in RLS, the observed change in CSP duration may be useful as a clinical measure of the improvement with dopamine agonist treatment in patients with RLS. Significance: Further study is needed to elucidate the exact mechanism involved in the prolonged CSP duration in response to treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1705-1710
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume118
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Cutaneous silent period
  • Dopamine agonist
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Small fiber neuropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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