Biochemical analysis has suggested that self GPI anchors are the main natural ligand associated with mouse CD1d molecules. A recent study reported that Vα14+ NK T cells responded to self as well as foreign (parasite- derived) GPIs in a CD1d-dependent manner. It further reported that the IgG response to the Plasmodium berghei malarial circumsporozoite (CS) protein was severely impaired in CD1d-deficient mice, leading to a model whereby NK T cells, upon recognition of CD1d molecules presenting the CS-derived GPI anchor, provide help for B cells secreting anti-CS Abs. We tested this model by comparing the anti-CS Ab responses of wild-type, CD1d-deficient, and MHC class II-deficient mice. We found that the IgG response to the CS protein was solely MHC class II-dependent. Furthermore, by measuring the response of a broad panel of CD1d-autoreactive T cells to GPI-deficient CD1d-expressing cells, we found that GPIs were not required for autoreactive responses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy