Background: Cyclic neutropenia is a rare disease. We report a 31-month-old girl with congenital cyclic neutropenia with a novel mutation in the ELANE gene who developed an acute necrotizing soft-tissue infection on her left axillary legion. Case presentation: A 31-month-old girl was admitted to our pediatric emergency room because of a necrotizing soft tissue infection of the left axillary area. The infection progressed rapidly and resulted in septic shock. Despite a medical treatment and surgical debridement, the sepsis was not controlled, and severe inflammation developed. After applying of negative-pressure wound therapy, her clinical symptoms improved. Finally, she was diagnosed with cyclic neutropenia with a novel genetic mutation. One month after admission, she was discharged with a completely recovered wound and no need for skin grafting. Conclusion: Both adequate medical treatment and effective control of the source of infection are critically important to reduce morbidity in such complex cases of necrotizing fasciitis as appeared in an immunocompromised pediatric patient.
- Cyclic neutropenia
- Negative-pressure wound therapy
- Soft tissue infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health