Although many studies established a role of cytochrome P-450s in metabolism of xenobiotics, few studies evaluating the ability of cytochrome P-450s to oxidize proteins have been reported. The ability of cytochrome P-450s to induce oxidative modification of albumin, apolipoprotein E, and CYP2E1 protein was investigated. Microsomal cytochrome P-450s induced production of reactive radical species, leading to differential modification of the proteins. Albumin remained unmodified, and CYP2E1 protein was degraded, whereas recombinant and endogenous apolipoprotein E was aggregated. The modification of apolipoprotein E was isoform independent. Cytochrome P-450 inhibitors or antioxidants inhibited the production of reactive radical species and protein modification. These results demonstrate that response of each protein to cytochrome P-450-mediated oxidative attack is different, and cytochrome P-450s can induce apolipoprotein E aggregation, a process that might be relevant to accumulation of altered protein in various abnormal conditions. In view of the ubiquitous expression of cytochrome P-450s, the present results may have important toxicological implications.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Dec|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis