Ribosomal protein S3 (rpS3) is known to play critical roles in ribosome biogenesis and DNA repair. When cellular ROS levels increase, the mitochondrial genes are highly vulnerable to DNA damage. Increased ROS induces rpS3 accumulation in the mitochondria for DNA repair while significantly decreasing the cellular protein synthesis. For the entrance into the mitochondria, the accumulation of rpS3 was regulated by interaction with HSP90, HSP70, and TOM70. Pretreatment with geldanamycin, which binds to the ATP pocket of HSP90, significantly decreased the interaction of rpS3 with HSP90 and stimulated the accumulation of rpS3 in the mitochondria. Furthermore, cellular ROS was decreased and mtDNA damage was rescued when levels of rpS3 were increased in the mitochondria. Therefore, we concluded that when mitochondrial DNA damages accumulate due to increased levels of ROS, rpS3 accumulates in the mitochondria to repair damaged DNA due to the decreased interaction between rpS3 and HSP90 in the cytosol.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Dec|
- Ribosomal protein S3
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology