Micro-nanostructured metal oxides can facilitate the development of electrochemical electrodes with enhanced features for supercapacitors and batteries. However, the fabrication of electrodes using precisely controlled metal oxides generally requires high-cost, multi-step procedures, which limits the scalability. Herein, we report that a direct current-field-driven combustion wave (DC-CW) enables the one-step fabrication of high-performance supercapacitor electrodes from hybrid nanostructures comprising reduced manganese oxides and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). A layered film of MnO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and MWCNTs on a nitrocellulose membrane is prepared and subsequently subjected to a DC-electric field, thereby igniting and propagating CWs throughout the film surface within one second. The underlying mechanism of the DC-CW process is elucidated by comparative analysis of the electrodes generated by the laser irradiation-driven combustion wave process without the DC-field and the as-prepared MnO2/MWCNT film. The MnxOy/MWCNT hybrids via DC-CWs exhibit higher specific capacitance (757 F g-1) and capacitance retention (100%) than the other two systems over 10 000 charge-discharge cycles, due to the improved inter-conductivity and substantial contact interfaces in heterogeneously mixed, less agglomerated nanostructures. The DC-CWs may enable various manipulation methods of micro-nanostructured metal oxides and their hybrid structures via a low-cost, fast, and scalable process for high-performance electrochemical electrodes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)