Films of β-Ga2O3 grown by halide vapor phase epitaxy on native substrates were subjected to Ar inductively coupled plasma treatment. As a result, the built-in voltage of Ni Schottky diodes deposited on the plasma treated surfaces decreased from 1 V to -0.02 V due to the buildup of deep trap concentration in the near surface region. Deep level spectra measurements indicate a strong increase in the top ∼200 nm of the plasma treated layer of the concentration of E2∗ (Ec - 0.8 eV) and especially E3 (Ec - 1.05 eV) deep electron traps. Capacitance-voltage profiling with monochromatic illumination also indicated a large increase in the upper ∼100 nm of the film in the concentration of deep acceptors with optical threshold for an ionization of ∼2.3 eV and 3.1 eV. Such defects at the surface led to a significant increase in reverse current, an increase in the ideality factor in forward current, and a dramatic decrease in the diffusion length of nonequilibrium charge carriers from 450 nm to 150 nm.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)