Defects responsible for charge carrier removal and correlation with deep level introduction in irradiated β-Ga2O3

A. Y. Polyakov, N. B. Smirnov, I. V. Shchemerov, E. B. Yakimov, S. J. Pearton, Chaker Fares, Jiancheng Yang, Fan Ren, Ji Hyun Kim, P. B. Lagov, V. S. Stolbunov, A. Kochkova

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Abstract

Carrier removal rates and electron and hole trap densities in β-Ga2O3 films grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) and irradiated with 18 MeV α-particles and 20 MeV protons were measured and compared to the results of modeling. The electron removal rates for proton and α-radiation were found to be close to the theoretical production rates of vacancies, whereas the concentrations of major electron and hole traps were much lower, suggesting that the main process responsible for carrier removal is the formation of neutral complexes between vacancies and shallow donors. There is a concurrent decrease in the diffusion length of nonequilibrium charge carriers after irradiation, which correlates with the increase in density of the main electron traps E2∗ at Ec - (0.75-0.78) eV, E3 at Ec - (0.95-1.05) eV, and E4 at Ec - 1.2 eV. The introduction rates of these traps are similar for the 18 MeV α-particles and 20 MeV protons and are much lower than the carrier removal rates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092102
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume113
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Polyakov, A. Y., Smirnov, N. B., Shchemerov, I. V., Yakimov, E. B., Pearton, S. J., Fares, C., Yang, J., Ren, F., Kim, J. H., Lagov, P. B., Stolbunov, V. S., & Kochkova, A. (2018). Defects responsible for charge carrier removal and correlation with deep level introduction in irradiated β-Ga2O3 Applied Physics Letters, 113(9), [092102]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5049130