Automatic and reliable segmentation of the prostate is an important but difficult task for various clinical applications such as prostate cancer radiotherapy. The main challenges for accurate MR prostate localization lie in two aspects: (i) inhomogeneous and inconsistent appearances around the prostate boundary, and (ii) large variation of the prostate shapes across different patients. To tackle these two problems, we propose a new deformable MR prostate segmentation method by unifying deep feature learning with sparse patch matching. First, instead of directly using handcrafted features, we propose to learn the latent feature representation from prostate MR images by the stacked sparse auto-encoder (SSAE). Since the deep learning algorithm learns feature hierarchy from data, the learned features are often more concise and effective than the handcrafted features in describing the underlying data. To improve the discriminability of learned features, we further refine the learned feature representation in a supervised fashion. Second, based on the learned features, a sparse patch matching method is proposed to infer a prostate likelihood map by transferring the prostate labels from multiple atlases to the new prostate MR image. Finally, a deformable segmentation is used to integrate the sparse shape model with the prostate likelihood map for achieving the final segmentation. The proposed method has been extensively evaluated on the dataset containing 66 T2-wighted prostate MR images. Experimental results show that the deep-learned features are more effective than the handcrafted features in guiding MR prostate segmentation. Moreover, our method shows superior performance compared to other state-of-the-art segmentation methods.
|Title of host publication||Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis|
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Jan 30|
- Deformable model
- Prostate segmentation
- Stacked sparse auto-encoder
ASJC Scopus subject areas