Degradation characteristics of waste lubricants under different nutrient conditions

Sang Hwan Lee, Seokho Lee, Dae Yeon Kim, Jeong-Gyu Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the limits and extent of lubricants biodegradation at different nutrient conditions and evaluated several soil biological activities with regard to their usefulness for monitoring the bioremediation process in a soil contaminated with lubricants. To examine the effects of nutrient addition on lubricants biodegradation, a bench-scale investigation was conducted under different nutrient conditions for over 105 days testing period. When nutrients were added to contaminated soil with aged lubricant, great stimulation was occurred in fertilized soil for hydrocarbon degradation activity compared to non-fertilized soil. At the end of the experiment (105 days after), the initial level of contamination (9320 ± 343 mg/kg) was reduced by 42-51% in the fertilized soil, whereas, only 18% of the hydrocarbon was eliminated in the non-fertilized soil. The effect of biostimulation of indigenous soil microorganisms declined with time, apparently 42% of the initial concentration of hydrocarbon remained at the end of experiment. Lubricants biodegradation process could be monitored well by soil biological parameters. In fertilized soil, biological parameters (number of HUB, soil respiration, dehydrogenase and catalase activities) were significantly enhanced and correlated with each other, as well as the residual lubricant concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume143
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 8

Fingerprint

Lubricants
lubricant
Nutrients
Soil
Soils
Food
Degradation
degradation
nutrient
soil
biodegradation
hydrocarbon
Hydrocarbons
Biodegradation
soil microorganism
soil respiration
bioremediation
Environmental Biodegradation
experiment
Bioremediation

Keywords

  • Bioremediation
  • Biostimulation
  • Lubricant oil
  • Microbial activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Degradation characteristics of waste lubricants under different nutrient conditions. / Lee, Sang Hwan; Lee, Seokho; Kim, Dae Yeon; Kim, Jeong-Gyu.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 143, No. 1-2, 08.05.2007, p. 65-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Sang Hwan ; Lee, Seokho ; Kim, Dae Yeon ; Kim, Jeong-Gyu. / Degradation characteristics of waste lubricants under different nutrient conditions. In: Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2007 ; Vol. 143, No. 1-2. pp. 65-72.
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