An endoglucanase that is able to degrade both crystalline and amorphous cellulose was purified from the culture filtrates of the brown-rot fungus Fomitopsis pinicola grown on cellulose. An apparent molecular weight of the purified enzyme was ∼32 kDa by SDS-PAGE analysis. The enzyme was purified 11-fold with a specific activity of 944 U/mg protein against CMC. The partial amino acid sequences of the purified endoglucanase had high homology with endo-β-1,4-glucanase of glycosyl hydrolase family 5 from other fungi. The Km and Kcat values for CMC were 12 mg CMC/ml and 670/s, respectively. The purified EG hydrolyzed both cellotetraose (G4) and cellopentaose (G5), but did not degrade either cellobiose (G2) or cellotriose (G3).
- Brown-rot fungus
- Fomitopsis pinicola
- Microcrystalline cellulose hydrolysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology