Delirium: Where do we stand?

Chi Un Pae, David M. Marks, Changsu Han, Ashwin A. Patkar, Prakash Masand

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Clinicians are likely to encounter delirium frequently, particularly in inpatient and intensive care settings. However, delirium is underrecognized and undertreated because of its heterogeneous and fluctuating presentation and due to the limitations in resources and training in contemporary clinical settings. Translation of current knowledge about delirium into clinical practice may improve patient care and benefit public health economics. Hence, this review comprehensively discusses the phenomenology and pathophysiology of delirium and its presenting features, risk factors, differential diagnoses, assessment, prognosis, and treatment with antipsychotics; the goal is to facilitate better prevention, recognition, and treatment of delirium. Available research is reviewed, limitations of the research are discussed, and future directions for further delirium research are identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-248
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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