Delivering safe and reliable electric vehicle supply equipment to North America and European markets

Nakju Lett Doh, Oong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Electric vehicles (EVs) are poised to become a solution for consumers wanting to reduce their energy footprint. But along with the upside for the environment and money saving, it also comes with safety concerns about the EV charging equipment being installed in homes and public charging stations. Many safety regulatory authorities and certifying organisations across the world have done researches on safety of equipment, and have developed many standards as outcomes. For this reason, manufacturers are facing tough challenges of getting their products compliant with various international standards. The engineering standard developed in this study will be a solution for the difficulties of dealing with UL 2594 and IEC 61851 that electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers have been facing. The study mainly focuses on EV portable cord-set, however the outcome can be applied to general SAE type EVSE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-177
Number of pages39
JournalInternational Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • EVSE
  • Electric vehicle supply equipment
  • Electric vehicles
  • ICCB
  • IEC 61851
  • In-cable control box
  • SAE
  • SAE J1772
  • Society of automotive engineers
  • Standards
  • UL 2594

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Fuel Technology


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