Demographic features of idiopathic macular telangiectasia in Korean patients

Sung Hyun Kim, Jae Ryung Oh, Soh Eun Ahn, Choul Yong Park, Jong Hyun Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical and demographic features of idiopathic macular telangiectasia (MacTel) in Korean patients since the introduction of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).

METHODS: We reviewed medical records of patients who were diagnosed with MacTel from 2009 to 2013. All patients underwent fluorescein angiography and SD-OCT and were classified as type 1 or type 2 according to the classification system proposed by Yannuzzi.

RESULTS: Over a period of 5 years, 4 (18.2%) patients were diagnosed with type 1 MacTel and 18 (81.8%) patients were diagnosed with type 2 MacTel. All patients with type1 MacTel were male, and their mean age was 51 ± 8.6 years. Among patients with type 2 MacTel, 3 (16.7%) were male, 15 (83.3%) were female, and the mean age was 60 ± 13.6 years. Whereas all type 1 MacTel patients had either metamorphopsia or mild scotoma, of the 18 patients with type 2 MacTel, only 4 (22.2%) had those symptoms, 10 (55.6%) complained of only mild visual impairment, and the other 4 (22.2%) had no symptoms. Intraretinal cystoid spaces were observed in 26 (72.2%) of 36 eyes with type 2 MacTel by SD-OCT. These cystoid spaces had irregular boundaries and did not correspond to angiographic leakages.

CONCLUSIONS: Type 2 MacTel was most common in the present study. The wider availability of SD-OCT may have contributed to the diagnosis of type 2 MacTel. Type 2 MacTel may be more prevalent than type 1 in Koreans, which corresponds to the results of Western countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-159
Number of pages5
JournalKorean journal of ophthalmology : KJO
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasia
  • Macular telangiectasia
  • Spectral domain optical coherence tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this