Densification of an YSZ electrolyte layer prepared by chemical/electrochemical vapor deposition for metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells

Erik Hermawan, Gyun Sang Lee, Ghun Sik Kim, Hyung Chul Ham, Jonghee Han, Sung Pil Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A densification process based on chemical/electrochemical vapor deposition (CVD/EVD) was successfully performed to produce a dense and gas-tight YSZ electrolyte on a metal support for solid oxide fuel cell applications. Micro Ni/YSZ (7:3 wt%) was deposited by screen printing and YSZ was deposited by an atmospheric plasma spray (APS) process on a metal support prior to the CVD/EVD refinement process. The initial nitrogen permeation flux through the YSZ layer prepared by the APS process was in the range of 1.8–2.7×10−7 mol/s cm2 at 25 °C, which shows that residual pores/pinholes existed in the YSZ layer. After YSZ density refinement by the CVD/EVD process, a dense and gas-tight YSZ layer can be obtained after five hours of deposition. An additional 4–7 µm of YSZ was observed after the refinement process was finished. The average film growth rate during CVD/EVD was approximately 1.14 µm/h. From XRD analysis, the YSZ layer prepared after CVD/EVD showed a dominant cubic structure; nonetheless, a secondary phase was also observed. From the SEM and elemental mapping analyses, the YSZ layers showed a homogeneous distribution on the surface of the metal support. The present results showed that the CVD/EVD process is capable of refining the YSZ electrolyte density/tightness by plugging residual pores/pinholes, along with increasing the YSZ thickness, for application in metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10450-10459
Number of pages10
JournalCeramics International
Volume43
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vapor deposition
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Densification
Electrolytes
Chemical vapor deposition
Metals
Gases
Plasmas
Screen printing
Film growth
Permeation
Refining
Nitrogen
Fluxes
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Chemical/electrochemical vapor deposition (CVD/EVD)
  • Metal supports
  • Metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells (MS-SOFCs)
  • YSZ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Densification of an YSZ electrolyte layer prepared by chemical/electrochemical vapor deposition for metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells. / Hermawan, Erik; Sang Lee, Gyun; Sik Kim, Ghun; Chul Ham, Hyung; Han, Jonghee; Pil Yoon, Sung.

In: Ceramics International, Vol. 43, No. 13, 01.01.2017, p. 10450-10459.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hermawan, Erik ; Sang Lee, Gyun ; Sik Kim, Ghun ; Chul Ham, Hyung ; Han, Jonghee ; Pil Yoon, Sung. / Densification of an YSZ electrolyte layer prepared by chemical/electrochemical vapor deposition for metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells. In: Ceramics International. 2017 ; Vol. 43, No. 13. pp. 10450-10459.
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