Depression but not anxiety predicts recurrent cerebrovascular events

S. Yu, H. Arima, C. Bertmar, Y. Hirakawa, M. Priglinger, K. Evans, M. Krause

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)


    Objectives: Depression and anxiety after stroke occur frequently and have been suggested to have negative influence on functional outcomes. However, the effect of emotional symptoms on stroke recurrence is uncertain. The aim of this study was to define the effect of emotional symptoms on recurrent cerebrovascular events in patients with ischemic stroke. Materials and methods: This was a hospital-based cohort study including patients with ischemic stroke who participated in a Community Stroke Care Program that provided secondary stroke prevention strategies during 6 months transition period after discharge. We examined the association between depression and anxiety and the risk of recurrent cerebrovascular events using logistic regression model. Depression and anxiety were defined as a score of 7 or more in Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at 2 weeks after discharge. Recurrent cerebrovascular events comprised any recurrent stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) occurring during 6 months after discharge. Results: Among 182 patients, 29 (15.9%) were depressed and 41 (22.5%) had anxiety symptoms. During the follow-up period, 9 patients experienced recurrent cerebrovascular events (5 of stroke and 4 of TIA). Depression was associated with recurrent cerebrovascular events at 6 months after adjustment for age, sex, and stroke severity (OR 5.22, 95% CI 1.08-25.12; P = 0.04), whereas anxiety was not (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.2-4.92; P = 0.982). Conclusions: Depression occurring early after stroke was associated with the increased risk of recurrent cerebrovascular events in ischemic stroke survivors. Care plan to detect and manage depression should be implemented to prevent recurrent stroke.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-34
    Number of pages6
    JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1


    • Anxiety
    • Cerebrovascular event
    • Depression
    • Recurrent stroke

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neurology
    • Clinical Neurology


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