Design and control method for compact BOP of direct methanol fuel cell

Y. S. Chang, C. Cho, Yong Chan Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We have developed an electro-chemical model of a DMFC (Direct methanol fuel cell) stack to analyze its performance. The model includes methanol solution at the anode to "cross over" to the cathode through MEA (membrane electrode assembly), which reduces the system efficiency and increases fuel consumption. BOP (Balance of plants) system - condenser, cooler, and methanol solution tank - was modeled. Dynamic simulation was performed to evaluate and develop a control algorithm of the fuel cell system for an efficient operation of DMFC We simulated the effects of the varying total UA (overall heat transfer coefficient), and proposed minimum UA of the condenser and cooler. When the volume of the methanol solution tank decreases below a certain level, ON/OFF based control algorithm leads to an unstable fuel cell operation. By adopting PID based control algorithm, the system has better controllability of methanol concentration and power generation in response to load change under the same methanol solution tank volume.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationECS Transactions
Pages1519-1524
Number of pages6
Volume16
Edition2 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventProton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 8, PEMFC - 214th ECS Meeting - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: 2008 Oct 122008 Oct 17

Other

OtherProton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 8, PEMFC - 214th ECS Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI
Period08/10/1208/10/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Chang, Y. S., Cho, C., & Kim, Y. C. (2008). Design and control method for compact BOP of direct methanol fuel cell. In ECS Transactions (2 PART 2 ed., Vol. 16, pp. 1519-1524) https://doi.org/10.1149/1.2981992