Design and synthesis of an interfacial layer of the polysulfide immobilizer for lithium-sulfur batteries by the one-pot hydrothermal method

Hyunjin Yu, Dong Jin Byun, Joong Kee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To overcome the low electrical conductivity and large volume expansion of a sulfur cathode during electrochemical reactions, a composite of SnO2 nanoparticles with 5–10 nm size dispersed on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets and sulfur (rGO/SnO2/S) was prepared by a one-pot hydrothermal process. This cathode shows 1.2-fold higher interfacial Li ion diffusivity (1.8 × 10−12 cm2 s−1) than that of an rGO/S cathode (1.5 × 10−12 cm2 s−1). This improvement is attributed to the synergistic effect of the hybrid matrix comprising rGO sheets and SnO2. The rGO sheets provide a fast electron pathway and accommodate a large amount of sulfur. Moreover, the dispersed SnO2 nanoparticle acts as an immobilizer to prevent the dissolution of polysulfide during the electrochemical reaction. The synthesized rGO/SnO2/S cathode also exhibits an electrical resistivity of 4.4 × 10−1 Ω cm due to interfacial modification. Further, it exhibits improved electrochemical performance with an initial discharge capacity of 1591.57 mA h g−1 at 0.1 C, which stabilizes to 606.98 mA h g−1 at 0.2 C after 100 cycles. In addition, it shows a discharge capacity of 575.45 mA h g−1 even at a high current density of 5 C.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Surface Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Immobilizer of polysulfide
  • One-pot hydrothermal process
  • Reduced graphene oxide (rGO)
  • Surface diffusion
  • Tin oxide (SnO) nano particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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