Design and synthesis of tube-in-tube structured NiO nanobelts with superior electrochemical properties for lithium-ion storage

Se Hwan Oh, Jin Sung Park, Min Su Jo, Yun Chan Kang, Jung Sang Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel 1-D tube-in-tube structured NiO nanobelts were prepared by electrospinning process and subsequent one-step thermal treatment process. Nanobelt structured 1-D composite was electrospun from an aqueous solution containing poly(vinylpyrrolidone), citric acid, and dextrin which synergistically contributed to morphology control. The chemicals that optimized surface tension and viscosity of the aqueous solution enabled stable electrospinning process. Especially, dextrin played an important role in stable nanobelt formation due to its hygroscopic nature. During one-step oxidation process, the polymer composited nanobelt turned into carbon-free NiO@void@NiO tube-in-tube structured nanobelt by repeated combustion and contraction processes and Ostwald ripening mechanism. NiO tube-in-tube nanobelt prepared at 400 °C showed superior lithium-ion storage performances compared to those of NiO-C nanobelt and porous NiO nanobelt obtained at 300 and 500 °C, respectively. The discharge capacity of the tube-in-tube structured nanobelts after the 200th cycle at a current density of 1.0 A g−1 was 992 mA h g−1. Also, high discharge capacity of 531 mA h g−1 at a current density of 10.0 A g−1 proved its excellent power density. High structural stability and morphological benefits of tube-in-tube nanobelts resulted in superior lithium storage performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)889-899
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume347
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Electrospinning
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Nickel oxide
  • Tube-in-tube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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