Design consideration of a multipinhole collimator with septa for ultra high-resolution silicon drift detector modules

Byung Jun Min, Yong Choi, Nam Yong Lee, Kisung Lee, Young Bok Ahn, Jinhun Joung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to design a multipinhole (MP) collimator with lead vertical septa coupled to a high-resolution detector module containing silicon drift detectors (SDDs) with an intrinsic resolution approaching the sub-millimeter level. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to determine pinhole parameters such as pinhole diameter, focal length, and number of pinholes. Effects of parallax error and collimator penetration were investigated for the new MP collimator design. The MP detector module was evaluated using reconstructed images of resolution and mathematical cardiac torso (MCAT) phantoms. In addition, the reduced angular sampling effect was investigated over 180°. The images were reconstructed using dedicated maximum likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) algorithm. An MP collimator with 81-pinhole was designed with a 2-mm-diameter pinhole and a focal length of 40 mm . Planar sensitivity and resolution obtained using the devised MP collimator were 3.9 cps/μCi and 6 mm full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) at a 10 cm distance. The parallax error and penetration ratio were significantly improved using the proposed MP collimation design. The simulation results demonstrated that the proposed MP detector provided enlarged imaging field of view (FOV) and improved the angular sampling effect in resolution and MCAT phantom studies. Moreover, the novel design enables tomography images by simultaneously obtaining eight projections with eight-detector modules located along the 180° orbit surrounding a patient, which allows designing of a stationary cardiac SPECT. In conclusion, the MP collimator with lead vertical septa was designed to have comparable system resolution and sensitivity to those of the low-energy high-resolution (LEHR) collimator per detector. The system sensitivity with an eight-detector configuration would be four times higher than that with a standard dual-detector cardiac SPECT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-761
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume606
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul 21

Keywords

  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Multipinhole collimator
  • SPECT
  • Silicon drift detector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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