Design of an EEG-based Drone Swarm Control System using Endogenous BCI Paradigms

Dae Hyeok Lee, Ji Hoon Jeong, Hyung Ju Ahn, Seong Whan Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Non-invasive brain-computer interface (BCI) has been developed for understanding users' intentions by using electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. With the recent development of artificial intelligence, there have been many developments in the drone control system. BCI characteristic that can reflect the users' intentions led to the BCI-based drone control system. When using drone swarm, we can have more advantages, such as mission diversity, than using a single drone. In particular, BCI-based drone swarm control could provide many advantages to various industries such as military service or industry disaster. BCI Paradigms consist of the exogenous and endogenous paradigms. The endogenous paradigms can operate with the users' intentions independently of any stimulus. In this study, we designed endogenous paradigms (i.e., motor imagery (MI), visual imagery (VI), and speech imagery (SI)) specialized in drone swarm control, and EEG-based various task classifications related to drone swarm control were conducted. Five subjects participated in the experiment and the performance was evaluated using the basic machine learning algorithm. The grand-averaged accuracies were 37.6% (± 6.78), 43.2% (± 3.44), and 31.6% (± 1.07) in MI, VI, and SI, respectively. Hence, we confirmed the feasibility of increasing the degree of freedom for drone swarm control using various endogenous paradigms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication9th IEEE International Winter Conference on Brain-Computer Interface, BCI 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728184852
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 22
Event9th IEEE International Winter Conference on Brain-Computer Interface, BCI 2021 - Gangwon, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2021 Feb 222021 Feb 24

Publication series

Name9th IEEE International Winter Conference on Brain-Computer Interface, BCI 2021

Conference

Conference9th IEEE International Winter Conference on Brain-Computer Interface, BCI 2021
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityGangwon
Period21/2/2221/2/24

Keywords

  • brain-computer interface
  • drone swarm control
  • electroencephalogram
  • intuitive paradigm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing

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