The authors report on the design and fabrication of high-efficiency GaN-based light emitting diodes (LEDs) with vertical-injection geometry. Based on the analyses of LED test patterns fabricated with various n -electrode dimensions, a design rule for vertical LEDs is proposed. It is found that the suppression of the vertical current under n electrodes and the efficient injection of the spreading current across the n layers are essential to fabricate high-efficiency LEDs. Introduction of the current blocking layer along with well-designed branched n electrodes results in a large enhancement of power efficiency by a factor of 1.9, compared with that of reference LEDs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)