Detecting hepatitis B virus in surgical smoke emitted during laparoscopic surgery

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission is known to occur through direct contact with infected blood. There has been some suspicion that the virus can also be detected in aerosol form. However, this has never been directly shown. The purpose of this study was to sample and analyse surgical smoke from laparoscopic surgeries on patients with hepatitis B to determine whether HBV is present. Methods A total of 11 patients who underwent laparoscopic or robotic abdominal surgeries between October 2014 and February 2015 at Korea University Anam Hospital were included in this study. A high efficiency collector was used to obtain surgical smoke in the form of hydrosol. The smoke was analysed by using nested PCR. Results Robotic or laparoscopic colorectal resections were performed in 5 cases, laparoscopic gastrectomies in 3 cases and laparoscopic hepatic wedge resections in another 3 cases. Preoperatively, all of the patients had positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). 2 patients had detectable HBsAb, and 2 were positive for hepatitis B e antigen. 3 patients were taking antihepatitis B viral medications at the time of the study. The viral load measured in the patients' blood was undetectable to 1.7×108 IU/mL. HBV was detected in surgical smoke in 10 of the 11 cases. Conclusions HBV is detectable in surgical smoke. This study provides preliminary data in the investigation of airborne HBV infection.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOccupational and Environmental Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016 Aug 2

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Hepatitis B virus
Smoke
Laparoscopy
Robotics
Time and Motion Studies
Hepatitis B e Antigens
Virus Diseases
Gastrectomy
Korea
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Aerosols
Viral Load
Hepatitis B
Viruses
Efficiency
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Liver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{626fe8ab3dff47c6bdfb14a504773e28,
title = "Detecting hepatitis B virus in surgical smoke emitted during laparoscopic surgery",
abstract = "Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission is known to occur through direct contact with infected blood. There has been some suspicion that the virus can also be detected in aerosol form. However, this has never been directly shown. The purpose of this study was to sample and analyse surgical smoke from laparoscopic surgeries on patients with hepatitis B to determine whether HBV is present. Methods A total of 11 patients who underwent laparoscopic or robotic abdominal surgeries between October 2014 and February 2015 at Korea University Anam Hospital were included in this study. A high efficiency collector was used to obtain surgical smoke in the form of hydrosol. The smoke was analysed by using nested PCR. Results Robotic or laparoscopic colorectal resections were performed in 5 cases, laparoscopic gastrectomies in 3 cases and laparoscopic hepatic wedge resections in another 3 cases. Preoperatively, all of the patients had positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). 2 patients had detectable HBsAb, and 2 were positive for hepatitis B e antigen. 3 patients were taking antihepatitis B viral medications at the time of the study. The viral load measured in the patients' blood was undetectable to 1.7×108 IU/mL. HBV was detected in surgical smoke in 10 of the 11 cases. Conclusions HBV is detectable in surgical smoke. This study provides preliminary data in the investigation of airborne HBV infection.",
author = "Kwak, {Han Deok} and Kim, {Seon Hahn} and Seo, {Yeon Seok} and Ki-Joon Song",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1136/oemed-2016-103724",
language = "English",
journal = "Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1351-0711",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Detecting hepatitis B virus in surgical smoke emitted during laparoscopic surgery

AU - Kwak, Han Deok

AU - Kim, Seon Hahn

AU - Seo, Yeon Seok

AU - Song, Ki-Joon

PY - 2016/8/2

Y1 - 2016/8/2

N2 - Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission is known to occur through direct contact with infected blood. There has been some suspicion that the virus can also be detected in aerosol form. However, this has never been directly shown. The purpose of this study was to sample and analyse surgical smoke from laparoscopic surgeries on patients with hepatitis B to determine whether HBV is present. Methods A total of 11 patients who underwent laparoscopic or robotic abdominal surgeries between October 2014 and February 2015 at Korea University Anam Hospital were included in this study. A high efficiency collector was used to obtain surgical smoke in the form of hydrosol. The smoke was analysed by using nested PCR. Results Robotic or laparoscopic colorectal resections were performed in 5 cases, laparoscopic gastrectomies in 3 cases and laparoscopic hepatic wedge resections in another 3 cases. Preoperatively, all of the patients had positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). 2 patients had detectable HBsAb, and 2 were positive for hepatitis B e antigen. 3 patients were taking antihepatitis B viral medications at the time of the study. The viral load measured in the patients' blood was undetectable to 1.7×108 IU/mL. HBV was detected in surgical smoke in 10 of the 11 cases. Conclusions HBV is detectable in surgical smoke. This study provides preliminary data in the investigation of airborne HBV infection.

AB - Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission is known to occur through direct contact with infected blood. There has been some suspicion that the virus can also be detected in aerosol form. However, this has never been directly shown. The purpose of this study was to sample and analyse surgical smoke from laparoscopic surgeries on patients with hepatitis B to determine whether HBV is present. Methods A total of 11 patients who underwent laparoscopic or robotic abdominal surgeries between October 2014 and February 2015 at Korea University Anam Hospital were included in this study. A high efficiency collector was used to obtain surgical smoke in the form of hydrosol. The smoke was analysed by using nested PCR. Results Robotic or laparoscopic colorectal resections were performed in 5 cases, laparoscopic gastrectomies in 3 cases and laparoscopic hepatic wedge resections in another 3 cases. Preoperatively, all of the patients had positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). 2 patients had detectable HBsAb, and 2 were positive for hepatitis B e antigen. 3 patients were taking antihepatitis B viral medications at the time of the study. The viral load measured in the patients' blood was undetectable to 1.7×108 IU/mL. HBV was detected in surgical smoke in 10 of the 11 cases. Conclusions HBV is detectable in surgical smoke. This study provides preliminary data in the investigation of airborne HBV infection.

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