Detection of hepatic VX2 carcinomas with ferucarbotran-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in rabbits: Comparison of nine pulse sequences

Seong Hyun Kim, Dongil Choi, Hyo K. Lim, Min Ju Kim, Kyung Mi Jang, Seung Hoon Kim, Won Jae Lee, Jongmee Lee, Yong Hwan Jeon, Jae Hoon Lim

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Abstract

Objective: To compare the diagnostic performance of a variety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, in order to identify the most effective ferucarbotran-enhanced sequence for the detection of multiple small hepatic VX2 carcinomas in rabbits. Methods: Fifteen rabbits with experimentally induced 135 VX2 carcinomas in the liver underwent ferucarbotran-enhanced MRI using the following nine pulse sequences: a fat-suppressed fast spin-echo (FSE) sequence with two echo times (TE) (proton density- and T2-weighted images), four different T2*-weighted fast multiplanar GRASS (gradient-recalled acquisition in the steady state) (FMPGR) with the combination of three TEs (9, 12, 15 ms, respectively) and two flip angles (20°, 80°, respectively), T2*-weighted fast multiplanar spoiled GRASS (FMPSPGR), T1-weighted FMPSPGR, and dynamic T1-weighted FMPSPGR. All images were reviewed by three radiologists with quantitative and qualitative analysis. Results: Tumor-to-liver contrast-to-noise ratio of the proton density-weighted FSE sequence was significantly higher than those of the others (p < 0.05). The lesion conspicuities of proton density- and T2-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 9/20° and 12/20°) images were better and the image artifacts of T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 15/20° and 12/80°) and T2*-weighted FMPSPGR images were more prominent than those of the others (p < 0.05). The lesion detection in T2- and proton density-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 12/20°) images were superior to those of the others and for the detection of very small hepatic tumors of less than 5 mm, the sensitivities of these sequences were less than 30%. Conclusion: Ferucarbotran-enhanced T2- and proton density-weighted FSE and T2*-weighed FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 12/20°) images were found to be the most effective pulse sequences for the detection of multiple small hepatic VX2 carcinomas but these sequences were limited in the detection of very small hepatic tumors of less than 5 mm in size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-423
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Protons
Rabbits
Carcinoma
Liver
Neoplasms
Artifacts
Noise
ferumoxides
Fats

Keywords

  • Comparative studies
  • Contrast media
  • Liver
  • Magnetic resonance (MR)
  • Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Detection of hepatic VX2 carcinomas with ferucarbotran-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in rabbits : Comparison of nine pulse sequences. / Kim, Seong Hyun; Choi, Dongil; Lim, Hyo K.; Kim, Min Ju; Jang, Kyung Mi; Kim, Seung Hoon; Lee, Won Jae; Lee, Jongmee; Jeon, Yong Hwan; Lim, Jae Hoon.

In: European Journal of Radiology, Vol. 59, No. 3, 01.09.2006, p. 413-423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Seong Hyun ; Choi, Dongil ; Lim, Hyo K. ; Kim, Min Ju ; Jang, Kyung Mi ; Kim, Seung Hoon ; Lee, Won Jae ; Lee, Jongmee ; Jeon, Yong Hwan ; Lim, Jae Hoon. / Detection of hepatic VX2 carcinomas with ferucarbotran-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in rabbits : Comparison of nine pulse sequences. In: European Journal of Radiology. 2006 ; Vol. 59, No. 3. pp. 413-423.
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abstract = "Objective: To compare the diagnostic performance of a variety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, in order to identify the most effective ferucarbotran-enhanced sequence for the detection of multiple small hepatic VX2 carcinomas in rabbits. Methods: Fifteen rabbits with experimentally induced 135 VX2 carcinomas in the liver underwent ferucarbotran-enhanced MRI using the following nine pulse sequences: a fat-suppressed fast spin-echo (FSE) sequence with two echo times (TE) (proton density- and T2-weighted images), four different T2*-weighted fast multiplanar GRASS (gradient-recalled acquisition in the steady state) (FMPGR) with the combination of three TEs (9, 12, 15 ms, respectively) and two flip angles (20°, 80°, respectively), T2*-weighted fast multiplanar spoiled GRASS (FMPSPGR), T1-weighted FMPSPGR, and dynamic T1-weighted FMPSPGR. All images were reviewed by three radiologists with quantitative and qualitative analysis. Results: Tumor-to-liver contrast-to-noise ratio of the proton density-weighted FSE sequence was significantly higher than those of the others (p < 0.05). The lesion conspicuities of proton density- and T2-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 9/20° and 12/20°) images were better and the image artifacts of T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 15/20° and 12/80°) and T2*-weighted FMPSPGR images were more prominent than those of the others (p < 0.05). The lesion detection in T2- and proton density-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 12/20°) images were superior to those of the others and for the detection of very small hepatic tumors of less than 5 mm, the sensitivities of these sequences were less than 30{\%}. Conclusion: Ferucarbotran-enhanced T2- and proton density-weighted FSE and T2*-weighed FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 12/20°) images were found to be the most effective pulse sequences for the detection of multiple small hepatic VX2 carcinomas but these sequences were limited in the detection of very small hepatic tumors of less than 5 mm in size.",
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author = "Kim, {Seong Hyun} and Dongil Choi and Lim, {Hyo K.} and Kim, {Min Ju} and Jang, {Kyung Mi} and Kim, {Seung Hoon} and Lee, {Won Jae} and Jongmee Lee and Jeon, {Yong Hwan} and Lim, {Jae Hoon}",
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T1 - Detection of hepatic VX2 carcinomas with ferucarbotran-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in rabbits

T2 - Comparison of nine pulse sequences

AU - Kim, Seong Hyun

AU - Choi, Dongil

AU - Lim, Hyo K.

AU - Kim, Min Ju

AU - Jang, Kyung Mi

AU - Kim, Seung Hoon

AU - Lee, Won Jae

AU - Lee, Jongmee

AU - Jeon, Yong Hwan

AU - Lim, Jae Hoon

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N2 - Objective: To compare the diagnostic performance of a variety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, in order to identify the most effective ferucarbotran-enhanced sequence for the detection of multiple small hepatic VX2 carcinomas in rabbits. Methods: Fifteen rabbits with experimentally induced 135 VX2 carcinomas in the liver underwent ferucarbotran-enhanced MRI using the following nine pulse sequences: a fat-suppressed fast spin-echo (FSE) sequence with two echo times (TE) (proton density- and T2-weighted images), four different T2*-weighted fast multiplanar GRASS (gradient-recalled acquisition in the steady state) (FMPGR) with the combination of three TEs (9, 12, 15 ms, respectively) and two flip angles (20°, 80°, respectively), T2*-weighted fast multiplanar spoiled GRASS (FMPSPGR), T1-weighted FMPSPGR, and dynamic T1-weighted FMPSPGR. All images were reviewed by three radiologists with quantitative and qualitative analysis. Results: Tumor-to-liver contrast-to-noise ratio of the proton density-weighted FSE sequence was significantly higher than those of the others (p < 0.05). The lesion conspicuities of proton density- and T2-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 9/20° and 12/20°) images were better and the image artifacts of T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 15/20° and 12/80°) and T2*-weighted FMPSPGR images were more prominent than those of the others (p < 0.05). The lesion detection in T2- and proton density-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 12/20°) images were superior to those of the others and for the detection of very small hepatic tumors of less than 5 mm, the sensitivities of these sequences were less than 30%. Conclusion: Ferucarbotran-enhanced T2- and proton density-weighted FSE and T2*-weighed FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 12/20°) images were found to be the most effective pulse sequences for the detection of multiple small hepatic VX2 carcinomas but these sequences were limited in the detection of very small hepatic tumors of less than 5 mm in size.

AB - Objective: To compare the diagnostic performance of a variety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, in order to identify the most effective ferucarbotran-enhanced sequence for the detection of multiple small hepatic VX2 carcinomas in rabbits. Methods: Fifteen rabbits with experimentally induced 135 VX2 carcinomas in the liver underwent ferucarbotran-enhanced MRI using the following nine pulse sequences: a fat-suppressed fast spin-echo (FSE) sequence with two echo times (TE) (proton density- and T2-weighted images), four different T2*-weighted fast multiplanar GRASS (gradient-recalled acquisition in the steady state) (FMPGR) with the combination of three TEs (9, 12, 15 ms, respectively) and two flip angles (20°, 80°, respectively), T2*-weighted fast multiplanar spoiled GRASS (FMPSPGR), T1-weighted FMPSPGR, and dynamic T1-weighted FMPSPGR. All images were reviewed by three radiologists with quantitative and qualitative analysis. Results: Tumor-to-liver contrast-to-noise ratio of the proton density-weighted FSE sequence was significantly higher than those of the others (p < 0.05). The lesion conspicuities of proton density- and T2-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 9/20° and 12/20°) images were better and the image artifacts of T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 15/20° and 12/80°) and T2*-weighted FMPSPGR images were more prominent than those of the others (p < 0.05). The lesion detection in T2- and proton density-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 12/20°) images were superior to those of the others and for the detection of very small hepatic tumors of less than 5 mm, the sensitivities of these sequences were less than 30%. Conclusion: Ferucarbotran-enhanced T2- and proton density-weighted FSE and T2*-weighed FMPGR (TE/flip angle, 12/20°) images were found to be the most effective pulse sequences for the detection of multiple small hepatic VX2 carcinomas but these sequences were limited in the detection of very small hepatic tumors of less than 5 mm in size.

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