Detection of lysyl oxidase activity in tumor extracellular matrix using peptide-functionalized gold nanoprobes

Han Young Kim, Mihee Jo, Ju A. La, Youngjin Choi, Eun Chul Cho, Su Hee Kim, Youngmee Jung, Kwangmeyung Kim, Ju Hee Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


High LOX levels in the tumor microenvironment causes the cross-linking of extracellular matrix components and increases the stiffness of tumor tissue. Thus, LOX plays an important role in tumorigenesis and in lowering the tumor response to anticancer drugs. Despite comprehensive efforts to identify the roles of LOX in the tumor microenvironment, sensitive and accurate detection methods have not yet been established. Here, we suggest the use of gold nanoparticles functionalized with LOX-sensitive peptides (LS-AuNPs) that aggregate upon exposure to LOX, resulting in a visual color change. LOX-sensitive peptides (LS-peptides) contain lysine residues that are converted to allysine in the presence of LOX, which is highly reactive and binds to adjacent allysine, resulting in the aggregation of the AuNPs. We demonstrated that the synthesized LS-AuNPs are capable of detecting LOX sensitively, specifically both in vitro and in the tissue extract. Moreover, the suggested LS-AuNP-based assay is more sensitive than commonly employed assays or commercially available kits. Therefore, the LS-AuNPs developed in this study can be used to detect LOX levels and can be further used to predict the stiffness or the anticancer drug resistance of the tumor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4523
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Colorimetric assays
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Lysyl oxidase
  • Tumor stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Detection of lysyl oxidase activity in tumor extracellular matrix using peptide-functionalized gold nanoprobes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this