Detection of multiplex exosomal miRNAs for clinically accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease using label-free plasmonic biosensor based on DNA-Assembled advanced plasmonic architecture

Sojin Song, Jong Uk Lee, Myeong Jin Jeon, Soohyun Kim, Sang Jun Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common neurologic disorder, is characterized by progressive cognitive impairment. However, the low clinical significance of the currently used core AD biomarkers amyloid-beta and tau proteins remains a challenge. Recently, exosomes, found in human biological fluids, are gaining increasing attention because of their clinical significance in diagnosing of various diseases. In particular, blood-derived exosomal miRNAs are not only stable but also provide information regarding the different characteristics according to AD progression. However, quantitative and qualitative detection is difficult due to their characteristics, such as small size, low abundance, and high homology. Here, we present a DNA-assembled advanced plasmonic architecture (DAPA)-based plasmonic biosensor to accurately detect exosomal miRNAs in human serum. The designed nanoarchitecture possesses two narrow nanogaps that induce plasmon coupling; this significantly enhances its optical energy density, resulting in a 1.66-fold higher refractive-index (RI) sensitivity than nanorods at localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). Thus, the proposed biosensor is ultrasensitive and capable of selective single-nucleotide detection of exosomal miRNAs at the attomolar level. Furthermore, it identified AD patients from healthy controls by measuring the levels of exosomal miRNA-125b, miRNA-15a, and miRNA-361 in clinical serum samples. In particular, the combination of exosomal miRNA-125b and miRNA-361 showed the best diagnostic performance with a sensitivity of 91.67%, selectivity of 95.00%, and accuracy of 99.52%. These results demonstrate that our sensor can be clinically applied for AD diagnosis and has great potential to revolutionize the field of dementia research and treatment in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113864
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease (AD)
  • Exosomal miRNAs (exo-miRs)
  • Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)
  • Plasmonic biosensors
  • Rayleigh scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

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