Determination of proton transference number of Ba(Zr0.84Y 0.15Cu0.01)O3-δ via electrochemical concentration cell test

Jong H. Lee, Sung Min Choi, Jong Heun Lee, Ho Il Ji, Kyung Joong Yoon, Ji Won Son, Byung Kook Kim, Hae June Je, Hae Weon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electromotive force (EMF) measurements using electrochemical concentration cells are often used to estimate the transport number of conducting species in ionic and mixed conductors. In this study, the proton transference number of an electrolyte based on CuO-modified Y-doped BaZrO3 (Ba(Zr 0.84Y0.15Cu0.01)O3-δ, BZYCu) is determined using steam concentration cells based on Wagner's theory. According to the investigation, proton concentration cells including water vapor provide good estimates of the proton transference number of the BZYCu electrolyte, showing that the number increases as the water partial pressure, P(H2O), increases; the proton transference number also increases as the oxygen partial pressure P(O2) decreases, owing to the relatively lower hole conductivity of BZYCu at low P(O2) conditions. From the combination of proton transference number with the measured total conductivity, the proton conductivity of the BZYCu electrolyte is estimated as 0.0031 S/cm at 650 C in wet argon atmosphere. The EMF values measured under real operating conditions of the PCFC test (fuel side, 3 % H2O + hydrogen; oxidant side, dry air) are found to be increased from 0.98 to 1.08 V as the temperature decreases from 650 to 550 C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2833-2838
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Protons
protons
Electrolytes
cells
Electromotive force
Steam
electromotive forces
Partial pressure
electrolytes
Protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFC)
conductivity
partial pressure
fuel tests
Proton conductivity
Argon
Force measurement
water pressure
Oxidants
Water vapor
estimates

Keywords

  • Concentration cell
  • Electromotive force
  • Proton transference number
  • Sintering additive
  • Y-doped BaZrO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Determination of proton transference number of Ba(Zr0.84Y 0.15Cu0.01)O3-δ via electrochemical concentration cell test. / Lee, Jong H.; Choi, Sung Min; Lee, Jong Heun; Ji, Ho Il; Yoon, Kyung Joong; Son, Ji Won; Kim, Byung Kook; Je, Hae June; Lee, Hae Weon.

In: Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 17, No. 11, 01.11.2013, p. 2833-2838.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Jong H. ; Choi, Sung Min ; Lee, Jong Heun ; Ji, Ho Il ; Yoon, Kyung Joong ; Son, Ji Won ; Kim, Byung Kook ; Je, Hae June ; Lee, Hae Weon. / Determination of proton transference number of Ba(Zr0.84Y 0.15Cu0.01)O3-δ via electrochemical concentration cell test. In: Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 17, No. 11. pp. 2833-2838.
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AB - Electromotive force (EMF) measurements using electrochemical concentration cells are often used to estimate the transport number of conducting species in ionic and mixed conductors. In this study, the proton transference number of an electrolyte based on CuO-modified Y-doped BaZrO3 (Ba(Zr 0.84Y0.15Cu0.01)O3-δ, BZYCu) is determined using steam concentration cells based on Wagner's theory. According to the investigation, proton concentration cells including water vapor provide good estimates of the proton transference number of the BZYCu electrolyte, showing that the number increases as the water partial pressure, P(H2O), increases; the proton transference number also increases as the oxygen partial pressure P(O2) decreases, owing to the relatively lower hole conductivity of BZYCu at low P(O2) conditions. From the combination of proton transference number with the measured total conductivity, the proton conductivity of the BZYCu electrolyte is estimated as 0.0031 S/cm at 650 C in wet argon atmosphere. The EMF values measured under real operating conditions of the PCFC test (fuel side, 3 % H2O + hydrogen; oxidant side, dry air) are found to be increased from 0.98 to 1.08 V as the temperature decreases from 650 to 550 C.

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