Determination of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter of polystyrene-polybutadiene blends by thermal analysis

Heon Sang Lee, Woo Nyon Kim, Charles M. Burns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Blends of polystyrene (PS) and polybutadiene (PBD) were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. From the phase composition diagram of the blends, it appears that PBD dissolves more in the PS-rich phase than does PS in the PBD-rich phase. This result is consistent with the behavior of the specific heat increment at the glass transition temperature of PBD in the PS-PBD blends. From the measured glass transition temperature and apparent weight fractions of PS and PBD dissolved in each phase, values of the Flory-Huggins polymer-polymer interaction parameter (X12) were determined to be 0.0040-0.0102 depending on the composition and molecular weights of the PS and the PBD. No significant difference in X12 was observed among the blending methods. The composition-dependent value of the Flory-Huggins polymer-polymer interaction parameter was found to be similar to the value of X12. The polymer-polymer interaction parameter appears to depend on the degree of polymerization of the polymers as well as on the apparent volume fraction of the polymers dissolved in each phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1308
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume64
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1997 May 16

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Polybutadienes
Polystyrenes
Thermoanalysis
Polymers
polybutadiene
Chemical analysis
Phase composition
Specific heat
Differential scanning calorimetry
Volume fraction
Molecular weight
Polymerization

Keywords

  • Phase composition diagrams
  • Polymer-polymer interaction parameter
  • Polystyrene-polybutadiene blends
  • Thermal analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Determination of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter of polystyrene-polybutadiene blends by thermal analysis. / Lee, Heon Sang; Kim, Woo Nyon; Burns, Charles M.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 64, No. 7, 16.05.1997, p. 1301-1308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Blends of polystyrene (PS) and polybutadiene (PBD) were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. From the phase composition diagram of the blends, it appears that PBD dissolves more in the PS-rich phase than does PS in the PBD-rich phase. This result is consistent with the behavior of the specific heat increment at the glass transition temperature of PBD in the PS-PBD blends. From the measured glass transition temperature and apparent weight fractions of PS and PBD dissolved in each phase, values of the Flory-Huggins polymer-polymer interaction parameter (X12) were determined to be 0.0040-0.0102 depending on the composition and molecular weights of the PS and the PBD. No significant difference in X12 was observed among the blending methods. The composition-dependent value of the Flory-Huggins polymer-polymer interaction parameter was found to be similar to the value of X12. The polymer-polymer interaction parameter appears to depend on the degree of polymerization of the polymers as well as on the apparent volume fraction of the polymers dissolved in each phase.

AB - Blends of polystyrene (PS) and polybutadiene (PBD) were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. From the phase composition diagram of the blends, it appears that PBD dissolves more in the PS-rich phase than does PS in the PBD-rich phase. This result is consistent with the behavior of the specific heat increment at the glass transition temperature of PBD in the PS-PBD blends. From the measured glass transition temperature and apparent weight fractions of PS and PBD dissolved in each phase, values of the Flory-Huggins polymer-polymer interaction parameter (X12) were determined to be 0.0040-0.0102 depending on the composition and molecular weights of the PS and the PBD. No significant difference in X12 was observed among the blending methods. The composition-dependent value of the Flory-Huggins polymer-polymer interaction parameter was found to be similar to the value of X12. The polymer-polymer interaction parameter appears to depend on the degree of polymerization of the polymers as well as on the apparent volume fraction of the polymers dissolved in each phase.

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