Determination of the pore size distribution of micro porous layer in PEMFC using pore forming agents under various drying conditions

Jeong Hwan Chun, Ki Tae Park, Dong Hyun Jo, Ji Young Lee, Sang Gon Kim, Eun Sook Lee, Jy Young Jyoung, Sung Hyun Kim

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43 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, the effect of the pore size distribution of a micro-porous layer (MPL) on the performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) was investigated using self-made gas diffusion layers (GDLs) with different MPLs for which the pore size distribution was modified using pore forming agents under different drying conditions. When MPL dried at high temperature, more macro pores, approximately 1,000-20,000 nm in diameter, and less micro pores, below 100 nm, were observed relative to when MPL was dried at low temperature. Self-made GDLs were characterized by a field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), mercury porosimetry and self-made gas permeability measurement equipment. The performance of the single cells was measured under two different humidification conditions. The results demonstrate that the optimum pore size distribution of MPL depended on the cell operating humidification condition. The MPL dried at high temperature performed better than the MPL dried at low temperature under a low humidification condition; however, MPL dried at low temperature performed better under a high humidification condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11148-11153
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1



  • Micro porous layer (MPL)
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC)
  • Pore forming agent
  • Pore size distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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